Is the mental wellbeing of young Australians best represented by a single, multidimensional or bifactor model?

Hides, L, Quinn, C, Stoyanov, S, Cockshaw, W, Mitchell, T and Kavanagh, D 2016, 'Is the mental wellbeing of young Australians best represented by a single, multidimensional or bifactor model?', Psychiatry Research, vol. 241, pp. 1-7.


Document type: Journal Article
Collection: Journal Articles

Title Is the mental wellbeing of young Australians best represented by a single, multidimensional or bifactor model?
Author(s) Hides, L
Quinn, C
Stoyanov, S
Cockshaw, W
Mitchell, T
Kavanagh, D
Year 2016
Journal name Psychiatry Research
Volume number 241
Start page 1
End page 7
Total pages 7
Publisher Elsevier Ireland
Abstract Internationally there is a growing interest in the mental wellbeing of young people. However, it is unclear whether mental wellbeing is best conceptualized as a general wellbeing factor or a multidimensional construct. This paper investigated whether mental wellbeing, measured by the Mental Health Continuum-Short Form (MHC-SF), is best represented by: (1) a single-factor general model; (2) a three-factor multidimensional model or (3) a combination of both (bifactor model). 2220 young Australians aged between 16 and 25 years completed an online survey including the MHC-SF and a range of other wellbeing and mental ill-health measures. Exploratory factor analysis supported a bifactor solution, comprised of a general wellbeing factor, and specific group factors of psychological, social and emotional wellbeing. Confirmatory factor analysis indicated that the bifactor model had a better fit than competing single and three-factor models. The MHC-SF total score was more strongly associated with other wellbeing and mental ill-health measures than the social, emotional or psychological subscale scores. Findings indicate that the mental wellbeing of young people is best conceptualized as an overarching latent construct (general wellbeing) to which emotional, social and psychological domains contribute. The MHC-SF total score is a valid and reliable measure of this general wellbeing factor.
Subject Health, Clinical and Counselling Psychology
Keyword(s) Positive mental health
Mental wellbeing
Validity
Reliability
Bifactor
DOI - identifier 10.1016/j.psychres.2016.04.077
Copyright notice © 2016 Elsevier Ireland Ltd
ISSN 0165-1781
Versions
Version Filter Type
Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 5 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
Scopus Citation Count Cited 0 times in Scopus Article
Altmetric details:
Access Statistics: 8 Abstract Views  -  Detailed Statistics
Created: Fri, 14 Dec 2018, 16:06:00 EST by Catalyst Administrator
© 2014 RMIT Research Repository • Powered by Fez SoftwareContact us