Efficacy and outcomes of a mobile app targeting alcohol use in young people

Hides, L, Quinn, C, Cockshaw, W, Stoyanov, S, Zelenko, O, Johnson, D, Tjondronegoro, D, Quek, L and Kavanagh, D 2018, 'Efficacy and outcomes of a mobile app targeting alcohol use in young people', Addictive Behaviors, vol. 77, pp. 89-95.


Document type: Journal Article
Collection: Journal Articles

Title Efficacy and outcomes of a mobile app targeting alcohol use in young people
Author(s) Hides, L
Quinn, C
Cockshaw, W
Stoyanov, S
Zelenko, O
Johnson, D
Tjondronegoro, D
Quek, L
Kavanagh, D
Year 2018
Journal name Addictive Behaviors
Volume number 77
Start page 89
End page 95
Total pages 7
Publisher Elsevier
Abstract Mobile apps provide a highly accessible way of reducing alcohol use in young people. This paper determines the 1-month efficacy and 2, 3 and 6 month outcomes of the Ray's Night Out app, which aims to increase alcohol knowledge and reduce alcohol use in young people. User-experience design and agile development processes, informed by the Information-Motivation-Behavioral skills model and evidence-based motivational interviewing treatment approaches guided app development. A randomized controlled trial comparing immediate versus 1-month delayed access to the app was conducted in 197 young people (16 to 25 years) who drank alcohol in the previous month. Participants were assessed at baseline, 1, 2, 3 and 6 months. Alcohol knowledge, alcohol use and related harms and the severity of problematic drinking were assessed. App quality was evaluated after 1-month of app use. Participants in the immediate access group achieved a significantly greater increase in alcohol knowledge than the delayed access group at 1-month, but no differences in alcohol use or related problems were found. Both groups achieved significant reductions in the typical number of drinks on a drinking occasion over time. A reduction in maximum drinks consumed was also found at 1 month. These reductions were most likely to occur in males and problem drinkers. Reductions in alcohol-related harm were also found. The app received a high mean quality (M = 3.82/5, SD = 0.51). The Ray app provides a youth-friendly and easily-accessible way of increasing young people's alcohol knowledge but further testing is required to determine its impact on alcohol use and related problems.
Subject Health, Clinical and Counselling Psychology
Keyword(s) Alcohol
Young people
Mobile
Application
Randomized controlled trial
Outcome
DOI - identifier 10.1016/j.addbeh.2017.09.020
Copyright notice © 2017 Elsevier Ltd
ISSN 0306-4603
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