Road crash risk after Whiplash Associated Disorder

Siskind, V, Sheehan, M, Rakotonirainy, A and Cockshaw, W 2014, 'Road crash risk after Whiplash Associated Disorder', Safety Science, vol. 63, pp. 151-156.

Document type: Journal Article
Collection: Journal Articles

Title Road crash risk after Whiplash Associated Disorder
Author(s) Siskind, V
Sheehan, M
Rakotonirainy, A
Cockshaw, W
Year 2014
Journal name Safety Science
Volume number 63
Start page 151
End page 156
Total pages 6
Publisher Elsevier
Abstract The future on-road safety of drivers affected by Whiplash Associated Disorder (WAD), the most common soft-tissue injury suffered in a traffic crash, has not been extensively explored. We obtained an anonymised file of 4280 insurance claimants with WAD and, as controls, 1116 claimants with comparably severe soft-tissue injuries who are considered to be at no increased risk than the general population. Their demographic information, road user type and traffic crash records both prior and subsequent to the traffic incident in which the injury occurred, the index crash, were obtained. Rates of subsequent crash involvement in these two groups were then compared, adjusting for age, sex, road user type and prior crash experience. The risk of a subsequent crash in the WAD group relative to controls was 1.14 (95% confidence interval, 0.87-1.48). To allow for differentially altered driving exposure after index crash we distributed a brief survey asking about changes in driving habits after a traffic crash involving injury via physiotherapy clinics and online through the electronic newsletter of a local motoring organisation. The survey yielded responses from 113 drivers who had experienced WAD in a traffic crash and 53 with other soft tissue injuries. There were no differences on average between the groups in their prior driving levels or their percentage change therein at one, three or six months after injury. There was thus no evidence that drivers with WAD are at any higher safety risk than drivers with other types of relatively minor post-crash soft tissue injury. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd.
Subject Health, Clinical and Counselling Psychology
Keyword(s) Driving exposure
Musculoskeletal conditions
Road crash risk
Whiplash Associated Disorder
DOI - identifier 10.1016/j.ssci.2013.11.006
Copyright notice © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
ISSN 0925-7535
Version Filter Type
Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 1 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
Scopus Citation Count Cited 0 times in Scopus Article
Altmetric details:
Access Statistics: 8 Abstract Views  -  Detailed Statistics
Created: Fri, 14 Dec 2018, 16:06:00 EST by Catalyst Administrator
© 2014 RMIT Research Repository • Powered by Fez SoftwareContact us