General belongingness, workplace belongingness, and depressive symptoms

Cockshaw, W, Shochet, I and Obst, P 2013, 'General belongingness, workplace belongingness, and depressive symptoms', Journal of Community and Applied Social Psychology, vol. 23, no. 3, pp. 240-251.

Document type: Journal Article
Collection: Journal Articles

Title General belongingness, workplace belongingness, and depressive symptoms
Author(s) Cockshaw, W
Shochet, I
Obst, P
Year 2013
Journal name Journal of Community and Applied Social Psychology
Volume number 23
Issue number 3
Start page 240
End page 251
Total pages 12
Publisher John Wiley & Sons
Abstract Research has shown that a strong relationship exists between belongingness and depressive symptoms; however, the contribution of specific types of belongingness remains unknown. Participants (N=369) completed the sense of belonging instrument, psychological sense of organizational membership, and the depression scale of the depression anxiety stress scales. Factor analysis demonstrated that workplace and general belongingness are distinct constructs. When regressed onto depressive symptoms, these belongingness types made independent contributions, together accounting for 45% of variance, with no moderation effects evident. Hence, general belongingness and specific workplace belongingness appear to have strong additive links to depressive symptoms. These results add support to the belongingness hypothesis and sociometer theory and have significant implication for depression prevention and treatment.
Subject Health, Clinical and Counselling Psychology
Keyword(s) belongingness
DOI - identifier 10.1002/casp.2121
Copyright notice © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd
ISSN 1052-9284
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