Development and characterisation of charcoal briquettes from water hyacinth (Eichhornia crassipes)-molasses blend

Carnaje, N, Talagon, R, Peralta, J, Shah, K and Paz-Ferreiro, J 2018, 'Development and characterisation of charcoal briquettes from water hyacinth (Eichhornia crassipes)-molasses blend', PLoS ONE, vol. 13, no. 11, pp. 1-14.


Document type: Journal Article
Collection: Journal Articles

Title Development and characterisation of charcoal briquettes from water hyacinth (Eichhornia crassipes)-molasses blend
Author(s) Carnaje, N
Talagon, R
Peralta, J
Shah, K
Paz-Ferreiro, J
Year 2018
Journal name PLoS ONE
Volume number 13
Issue number 11
Start page 1
End page 14
Total pages 14
Publisher Public Library of Science
Abstract Charcoal briquettes are inexpensive solid fuels made from carbonized biomass. The potential of converting water hyacinth (Eichhornia crassipes) charcoal into briquettes with molasses as binder was investigated in this study. Dried water hyacinth was carbonized at a temperature between 350C to 500C in a fabricated fine biomass carbonizer. A solution containing 80% by weight molasses was used in the production of briquettes having different charcoal/molasses ratios of 40:60, 30:70, and 20:80. Each briquette was characterized in terms of bulk density, calorific value, compressive strength, proximate analysis and micro-structure by Scanning Electron Microscopy. Charcoal briquettes were tested for their flammable characteristics through their burning rates and ignition time. Altering the molasses to charcoal ratio affected the quality and characteristics of the briquettes. Volatile combustible matter and fixed carbon increased with increasing amount of binder while ash content decreased. The 30:70 charcoal/molasses ratio produced the highest calorific value (16.6 MJ/kg) and compressive strength (19.1 kg/cm2). The results have shown the potential of converting water hyacinth into an alternative fuel source.
Subject Environmental Engineering not elsewhere classified
DOI - identifier 10.1371/journal.pone.0207135
Copyright notice © 2018 Carnaje et al. Creative Commons Attribution License
ISSN 1932-6203
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