Shifting Beliefs about Suicide: Pre-Post Evaluation of the Effectiveness of a Program for Workers in the Construction Industry

King, T, Gullestrup, J, Batterham, P, Kelly, B, Lockwood, C, Lingard, H, Harvey, S, LaMontagne. A and Milner, A 2018, 'Shifting Beliefs about Suicide: Pre-Post Evaluation of the Effectiveness of a Program for Workers in the Construction Industry', International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, vol. 15, no. 10, 2106, pp. 1-13.


Document type: Journal Article
Collection: Journal Articles

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Title Shifting Beliefs about Suicide: Pre-Post Evaluation of the Effectiveness of a Program for Workers in the Construction Industry
Author(s) King, T
Gullestrup, J
Batterham, P
Kelly, B
Lockwood, C
Lingard, H
Harvey, S
LaMontagne. A
Milner, A
Year 2018
Journal name International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Volume number 15
Issue number 10
Article Number 2106
Start page 1
End page 13
Total pages 13
Publisher M D P I AG
Abstract Suicide is a significant health problem that is known to disproportionately affect those employed in manual occupations, including construction workers and tradespeople. Universal General Awareness Training (GAT) was part of a multi-component suicide prevention program in the Australian construction industry. The program's aims were to increase awareness of mental health and suicide, reduce stigma, and encourage help-seeking and help-offering behaviours. This paper sought to examine the effectiveness of the GAT program in shifting suicide beliefs. Pre- and post-training survey data of 20,125 respondents was obtained from a database of GAT evaluation results between 2016 and 2018. Generalized estimating equation (GEE) models were fitted to examine belief changes, and predictive margins and their SEs were computed. Mean differences in belief change were obtained for the overall sample, and by occupation. Modest but significant favourable shifts in thre of the four beliefs assessed were observed following GAT. Managers and professionals showed greater propensity to shift beliefs, and Labourers and Machinery Operators and Drivers showed least. Results suggest that GAT can successfully shift some beliefs regarding suicide and mental health at least in the short term, but highlight the need to tailor communication to vulnerable occupational groups.
Subject Mental Health
Building Construction Management and Project Planning
Keyword(s) Mental health
Suicide
Occupation
Construction workers
Beliefs
Intervention
DOI - identifier 10.3390/ijerph15102106
Copyright notice © 2018 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
ISSN 1660-4601
NHMRC Grant ID 1134499
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