A low-cost wireless sensors positioning solution for indoor parking facilities management

Gikas, V, Antoniou, C, Retscher, G, Panagopoulos, A, Kealy, A, Perakis, H and Mpimis, T 2016, 'A low-cost wireless sensors positioning solution for indoor parking facilities management', Journal of Location Based Services, vol. 10, no. 4, pp. 241-261.


Document type: Journal Article
Collection: Journal Articles

Title A low-cost wireless sensors positioning solution for indoor parking facilities management
Author(s) Gikas, V
Antoniou, C
Retscher, G
Panagopoulos, A
Kealy, A
Perakis, H
Mpimis, T
Year 2016
Journal name Journal of Location Based Services
Volume number 10
Issue number 4
Start page 241
End page 261
Total pages 21
Publisher Taylor & Francis
Abstract A relatively low-cost system for indoor parking facilities management is proposed, which is a combined solution of RFID/WiFi and a MEMS IMU monitoring scheme. An RFID localisation module is proposed in the form of so-called virtual gates. To define such virtual gates, either RFID tags or readers are placed at known locations throughout the area of interest. In this study, a number of tags are fixed at known positions and a moving reader is carried by each participating vehicle. Based on this configuration set-up, the Cell of Origin (CoO) technique is applied, in which the system indicates the presence of the user carrying the reader in a cell around the tag location. To define a virtual gate, tags are installed along the parking lot corridors and at critical transit passages in the parking facility. The CoO technique is also proposed in the case of WiFi for location determination of vehicles in a multi-storey car park. In this study, WiFi is employed to monitor the passing vehicles and bridge the gap until a tag can detect a user's reader again. Thus, a combined positioning solution of RFID and WiFi is achieved. As a complement to the proposed RFID/WiFi system, this study examines the potential and limitations of MEMS IMU sensors (i.e. accelerometers, gyroscopes and barometers) commonly found in modern smartphones. The paper concludes with a detailed discussion on the implications of alternative positioning techniques for indoor parking management.
Subject Navigation and Position Fixing
Keyword(s) cell-of-origin
indoor parking facilities management
MEMS IMU
Proximity
RFID virtual gates
WiFi monitoring
DOI - identifier 10.1080/17489725.2016.1231351
Copyright notice © 2016 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group.
ISSN 1748-9725
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