Work-related contact, work-family conflict, psychological distress and sleep problems experienced by construction professionals: an integrated explanatory model

Bowen, P, Govender, R, Edwards, P and Cattell, K 2018, 'Work-related contact, work-family conflict, psychological distress and sleep problems experienced by construction professionals: an integrated explanatory model', Construction Management and Economics, vol. 36, no. 3, pp. 153-174.


Document type: Journal Article
Collection: Journal Articles

Title Work-related contact, work-family conflict, psychological distress and sleep problems experienced by construction professionals: an integrated explanatory model
Author(s) Bowen, P
Govender, R
Edwards, P
Cattell, K
Year 2018
Journal name Construction Management and Economics
Volume number 36
Issue number 3
Start page 153
End page 174
Total pages 22
Publisher Taylor and Francis
Abstract Contemporary communication technology blurs the boundaries between work-life and family-life environments, through after-hours, work-related contact. We examined the relationship between work contact, work-family conflict and consequent outcomes of psychological distress and sleep problems experienced by South African construction professionals. An integrated model of these factors was proposed and tested using path analysis and responses from 630 survey respondents. Work experience, gender, domestic situation and employment status explain the relationship between job autonomy and control, job pressures, and work contact, which were hypothesized to multivariately explain their negative effects. The final integrated model was a good fit to the data. The results indicate that the antecedents of work-family conflict are job autonomy and control, job pressure and work contact. Psychological distress is determined by work-family conflict, work experience, and job pressure. Sleep problems are influenced by work-family conflict, work contact and psychological distress. An important insight gained is the pivotal role played by job pressure, directly and indirectly, in work stress outcomes. Interventions aimed at reducing psychological distress and sleep problems among construction professionals should target the boundary permeability of work contact and work-family conflict, particularly for less experienced, female and junior professionals with low job control but high job pressure.
Subject Industrial and Organisational Psychology
Keyword(s) Psychological distress
sleep problems
work contact
workplace stress
work-family conflict
DOI - identifier 10.1080/01446193.2017.1341638
Copyright notice © 2017 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor and Francis Group
ISSN 0144-6193
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