Persistence of gender inequality: the role of ethnic divisions

Awaworyi Churchill, S, Nuhu, A and Lopez, K 2019, 'Persistence of gender inequality: the role of ethnic divisions', Applied Economics, vol. 51, no. 8, pp. 781-796.


Document type: Journal Article
Collection: Journal Articles

Title Persistence of gender inequality: the role of ethnic divisions
Author(s) Awaworyi Churchill, S
Nuhu, A
Lopez, K
Year 2019
Journal name Applied Economics
Volume number 51
Issue number 8
Start page 781
End page 796
Total pages 16
Publisher Taylor & Francis
Abstract Gender inequality remains a fundamental challenge for global policymakers given that it has detrimental implications for growth and human capital formation. However, studies examining the roots of gender inequality, and what determines the level of inequality are relatively scant. In this study, we seek to contribute to the literature that examines the roots of gender inequality and thus, our objective is to examine the impact of ethnic diversity on gender inequality. We argue that the level of ethnic diversity within a country plays a role in either deepening or bridging gender gaps. Using indices of ethnic fractionalization, we examine the effects of ethnic diversity on measures of gender inequality such as the gender inequality index, and its associated dimensions of empowerment, educational attainment and labour market outcomes. Our evidence suggests that ethnic diversity widens existing gender gaps. We discuss several mechanisms through which ethnic diversity may lead to the increase of existing gender gaps, and lay out various policy approaches to address gender inequality.
Subject Applied Economics not elsewhere classified
Keyword(s) ethnic diversity
fractionalization
gender inequality
gender relations
DOI - identifier 10.1080/00036846.2018.1513635
Copyright notice © 2018 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group.
ISSN 1466-4283
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