Equity of Physical Characteristics Between Adolescent Males and Females Participating in Single- or Mixed-Sex Sport

Krause, L, Naughton, G, Benson, A and Tibbert, S 2018, 'Equity of Physical Characteristics Between Adolescent Males and Females Participating in Single- or Mixed-Sex Sport', Journal of strength and conditioning research, vol. 32, no. 5, pp. 1415-1421.


Document type: Journal Article
Collection: Journal Articles

Title Equity of Physical Characteristics Between Adolescent Males and Females Participating in Single- or Mixed-Sex Sport
Author(s) Krause, L
Naughton, G
Benson, A
Tibbert, S
Year 2018
Journal name Journal of strength and conditioning research
Volume number 32
Issue number 5
Start page 1415
End page 1421
Total pages 7
Publisher Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
Abstract Policies on single- or mixed-sex junior sports participation continue to be challenged publically and legally. Often challenges relate to perceptions of size and performance variability between adolescent males and females, yet the evidence base behind these challenges lacks recent review and rigor. Physical performance was compared between males and females from 2 groups of younger (<13 years, n = 109, 67% females, 33% males) and older (>= 13 years, n = 108, 43% females, 57% males) adolescents. Using a cross-sectional design, adolescents were tested for speed, strength, power, and endurance. No sex differences were found for most of the physical test results in the <13 years age group, although males showed greater endurance (p = 0.020) and upper-body strength (p = 0.010) than females. However, among adolescents aged >= 13 years, males scored better than females in all physical tests, without exception (p > 0.05). Further explorations comparing how many females in the same age grouping shared test results equal to or greater than the top third of males were fewer in the older than younger age group. Equality of participation in mixed-sex sport becomes more difficult to guarantee for older adolescents when results from generic sport-related physical test performances are considered.
Subject Human Movement and Sports Science not elsewhere classified
Keyword(s) physical activity
youth
teenager
child
policy
DOI - identifier 10.1519/JSC.0000000000001963
Copyright notice © 2017 National Strength and Conditioning Association
ISSN 1064-8011
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