Naturopathy in Australia: Where are we now? Where are we heading?

Ooi, S, McLean, L and Pak, S 2018, 'Naturopathy in Australia: Where are we now? Where are we heading?', Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice, vol. 33, pp. 27-35.

Document type: Journal Article
Collection: Journal Articles

Title Naturopathy in Australia: Where are we now? Where are we heading?
Author(s) Ooi, S
McLean, L
Pak, S
Year 2018
Journal name Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice
Volume number 33
Start page 27
End page 35
Total pages 9
Publisher Churchill Livingstone
Abstract Naturopathy is the general practice of natural therapies. It emphasizes prevention, treatment, and promotion of optimal health through therapeutic modalities which encourage the self-healing process of the body. Formalized in the 19th century by the hydrotherapy and nature cure movement in Austria and Germany, naturopathy was introduced to Australia at the turn of the 20th century. It became popular since the 1970s due to social and cultural change characterized by the post-modern philosophy, as well as government policies highlighting individual responsibility and freedom of choice. Naturopathy is one of the most popular forms of complementary medicine in Australia today with naturopaths received 4.9 million consultations annually. Naturopathic consultations are sought for a variety of conditions and, in some areas, as a form of primary care, especially by middle-aged women who have a higher education level and a higher annual income. The number of Australian naturopaths was estimated to be over 4000 in 2017 and expects to grow to over 4600 by 2022, although this number is likely to be an underestimation. Australian naturopaths, as a predominantly female profession, work mainly in private clinical practice with nutritional medicine, herbal medicine, homeopathy, as well as massage therapies being the most common modalities used. There are also signs of greater integration with community pharmacies and integrative medicine clinics in major cities. The Bachelor's degree programs in Naturopathy has just become the only accredited entry-level qualification since late 2015. Currently, there are only 5 private colleges offering naturopathic education, a far cry from the 40 over in mid-2000. The profession continues to be self-regulated. There is no barrier of entry to practice and unqualified practitioners of naturopathy can potentially do harm to the public. The registration of naturopaths remains unresolved due to fragmented representation under many professional associ
Subject Complementary and Alternative Medicine not elsewhere classified
Keyword(s) Complementary medicine
Integrative medicine
Natural therapy
Naturopathic medicine
Whole system practice
DOI - identifier 10.1016/j.ctcp.2018.07.009
Copyright notice © 2018 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
ISSN 1744-3881
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