The balance between safety and productivity and its relationship with human factors and safety awareness and communication in aircraft manufacturing

Karanikas, N, Melis, D and Kourousis, K 2018, 'The balance between safety and productivity and its relationship with human factors and safety awareness and communication in aircraft manufacturing', Safety and Health at Work, vol. 9, no. 3, pp. 257-264.


Document type: Journal Article
Collection: Journal Articles

Title The balance between safety and productivity and its relationship with human factors and safety awareness and communication in aircraft manufacturing
Author(s) Karanikas, N
Melis, D
Kourousis, K
Year 2018
Journal name Safety and Health at Work
Volume number 9
Issue number 3
Start page 257
End page 264
Total pages 8
Publisher Occupational Safety and Health Research Institute
Abstract Background This paper presents the findings of a pilot research survey which assessed the degree of balance between safety and productivity and its relation to awareness and communication of human factors and safety rules in the aircraft manufacturing environment. Method The study was carried out at two Australian aircraft manufacturing facilities where a Likert-scale questionnaire was administered to a representative sample. The research instrument included topics relevant to the safety and human factors training provided to the target workforce. The answers were processed in overall and against demographic characteristics of the sample population. Results The workers were sufficiently aware of how human factors and safety rules influence their performance and acknowledged that supervisors had adequately communicated such topics. Safety and productivity seemed equally balanced across the sample. A preference for the former over the latter was associated with a higher awareness about human factors and safety rules but not linked with safety communication. The size of the facility and the length and type of employment were occasionally correlated with responses to some communication and human factors topics and the equilibrium between productivity and safety. Conclusion Although human factors training had been provided and sufficient bi-directional communication was present across the sample, it seems that quality and complexity factors might have influenced the effects of those safety related practices on the safety-productivity balance for specific parts of the population studied. Customization of safety training and communication to specific characteristics of employees may be necessary to achieve the desired outcomes.
Subject Aerospace Engineering not elsewhere classified
Manufacturing Safety and Quality
Keyword(s) human factors
aircraft manufacturing
safetysafety
communication
productivity and safety
DOI - identifier 10.1016/j.shaw.2017.09.001
Copyright notice © 2017 Occupational Safety and Health Research Institute, Published by Elsevier Korea LLC. Open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (nc-nd/4.0/)
ISSN 2093-7911
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