The energy-materials nexus: the case of metals

van der Voet, E, Kleijn, R and Mudd, G 2018, 'The energy-materials nexus: the case of metals' in Raimund Bleischwitz, Holger Hoff, Catalina Spataru, Ester van der Voet, and Stacy D. VanDeveer (ed.) Routledge Handbook of the Resource Nexus, Routledge, United Kingdom, pp. 368-379.


Document type: Book Chapter
Collection: Book Chapters

Title The energy-materials nexus: the case of metals
Author(s) van der Voet, E
Kleijn, R
Mudd, G
Year 2018
Title of book Routledge Handbook of the Resource Nexus
Publisher Routledge
Place of publication United Kingdom
Editor(s) Raimund Bleischwitz, Holger Hoff, Catalina Spataru, Ester van der Voet, and Stacy D. VanDeveer
Start page 368
End page 379
Subjects Environmental Engineering not elsewhere classified
Summary The most prominent development in the global energy system is its continuous and rapid growth. It has grown from 40 EJ in 1900 to almost 575 EJ in 2014 (IEA, 2016), and still continues to increase. Before the Industrial Revolution, wood and biomass were the prime source. Since then, fossil fuels have become dominant and now constitute over 80% of the world's supply. Recently, not just the absolute amounts but also the share of modern renewable energy (like wind, solar and hydropower) has been increasing a little - from 0 in 1970 to 2% in 2014 (IEA, 2016). Although it presently constitutes a small part of total energy supply, it is now growing and under climate policies might become very significant as a result of a global transition towards a renewable energy system.
Copyright notice © 2018 selection and editorial matter, Raimund Bleischwitz, Holger Hoff, Catalina Spataru, Ester van der Voet and Stacy D. VanDeveer; individual chapters, the contributors
ISBN 9781317198826
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