Genomic Literacy of Registered Nurses and Midwives in Australia: A Cross-Sectional Survey

Wright, H, Zhao, L, Birks, M and Mills, J 2018, 'Genomic Literacy of Registered Nurses and Midwives in Australia: A Cross-Sectional Survey', Journal of Nursing Scholarship, vol. 51, no. 1, pp. 40-49.


Document type: Journal Article
Collection: Journal Articles

Title Genomic Literacy of Registered Nurses and Midwives in Australia: A Cross-Sectional Survey
Author(s) Wright, H
Zhao, L
Birks, M
Mills, J
Year 2018
Journal name Journal of Nursing Scholarship
Volume number 51
Issue number 1
Start page 40
End page 49
Total pages 10
Publisher Wiley-Blackwell Publishing, Inc.
Abstract PURPOSE: Registered nurses and midwives require a degree of genomic literacy if they are to adequately communicate with other healthcare professionals and provide optimal care to patients, their families, and the community. Several studies have been conducted internationally to assess the genomic literacy of nurses; however, the genomic literacy of Australian registered nurses and midwives has not been investigated. The aim of this study was to measure the genomic literacy of Australian registered nurses and midwives through assessing participants' understandings of genomic concepts most critical to nursing and midwifery practice, as well as their perceived knowledge and attitude towards genomics in nursing and midwifery practice. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey of Australian registered nurses and midwives using the Genomic Nursing Concept Inventory (GNCI© ), a 31 multiple-choice question survey instrument. Participants were recruited via two key Australian nursing and midwifery organizations over an 8-month period in 2016. METHODS: Descriptive and inferential statistical techniques were used to calculate the total GNCI© score and scores on individual subcategories, as well as relationships between demographic variables and GNCI© scores. FINDINGS: Most respondents worked as clinicians (71.4%) in a hospital or hospital-based setting (61.8%). Most registered nurses (80.5%) and midwives (97.2%) reported that genetics was relevant to clinical practice; however, over 80% of registered nurses and midwives believed their knowledge of genetics was poor or average. Genomic knowledge was assessed using the GNCI© . Scores ranged from 3 to 29 (out of a possible 31), with a mean score of 13.3 (SD 4.559) based on 253 (N = 253) respondents, indicating that genomic literacy is low. There was a significant difference between genomic knowledge scores and education and training level (p = .036). CONCLUSIONS: The genomic literacy of registered nurses and midwives in Australia is low
Subject Nursing not elsewhere classified
Keyword(s) Australian
genetics
genomics
knowledge
midwife
registered nurse
DOI - identifier 10.1111/jnu.12440
Copyright notice © 2018 Sigma Theta Tau International.
ISSN 1547-5069
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