How Transformational and Empowering Leader Behaviors Enhance Workplace Safety: A Review and Research Agenda

Muchiri, M, McMurray, A, Nkhoma, M and Pham, H 2019, 'How Transformational and Empowering Leader Behaviors Enhance Workplace Safety: A Review and Research Agenda', The Journal of Developing Areas, vol. 53, no. 1, pp. 257-265.

Document type: Journal Article
Collection: Journal Articles

Title How Transformational and Empowering Leader Behaviors Enhance Workplace Safety: A Review and Research Agenda
Author(s) Muchiri, M
McMurray, A
Nkhoma, M
Pham, H
Year 2019
Journal name The Journal of Developing Areas
Volume number 53
Issue number 1
Start page 257
End page 265
Total pages 9
Publisher Journal of Developing Areas
Abstract Background and statement of the problem: Recognizing that organizations are under pressure to increase workplace safety, this paper develops an integrative leadership model that informs new theory identifying how leader behaviours enhance workplace safety behaviour. The paper highlights direct and indirect relationships among transformational leadership, employees' trust in leaders, empowering leadership and employees' safety behaviours. Research methodology and data: The paper follows a rigorous, systematic review of published studies (1985-2017) representing the literature addressing transformational leadership and safety behaviours, and the moderation roles of empowering leadership and trust in leaders in the transformational leadership and- safety behaviours relationship. The paper relied extensively on computerized keyword searches in the main business source databases of EBSCOhost, Emerald, ProQuest, ScienceDirect and SpringerLink. Research findings: The systematic review leads to a credible conceptual framework that elucidates the relationship between transformational leadership, empowering leadership, employees' trust in leadership and workplace safety behaviours. Consequently, the framework advances theories on effective leader behaviour, employees' trust in leaders and safety behaviours. Further, the framework assists with unpacking various underlying mechanisms through which leadership directly and indirectly influences employee safety behaviours within the manufacturing sector. In that regard, the paper argues that trust in leaders, and empowering leader behaviours, both moderate the relationship between leadership and employees' safety behaviours. Policy implications: The conceptual framework provides the impetus for a behaviour-oriented approach to workplace safety research, with the potential to generate actionable knowledge to manage accidents and injuries in the workplace. The framework can be utilized by organizations when executing organizational
Subject Educational Administration, Management and Leadership
Business and Management not elsewhere classified
Keyword(s) Transformational leadership
empowering leadership
trust in leaders
workplace safety behaviour
safety compliance behaviour
safety participation behaviour
DOI - identifier 10.1353/jda.2019.0015
Copyright notice © 2019 The Journal of Developing Areas (TSU)
ISSN 1548-2278
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