ADS-B system failure modes and models

Syd Ali, B, Ochieng, W, Majumdar, A, Schuster, W and Chiew, T 2014, 'ADS-B system failure modes and models', Journal of Navigation, vol. 67, no. 6, pp. 995-1017.

Document type: Journal Article
Collection: Journal Articles

Title ADS-B system failure modes and models
Author(s) Syd Ali, B
Ochieng, W
Majumdar, A
Schuster, W
Chiew, T
Year 2014
Journal name Journal of Navigation
Volume number 67
Issue number 6
Start page 995
End page 1017
Total pages 23
Publisher Cambridge University Press
Abstract Automatic Dependent Surveillance Broadcast (ADS-B) is envisioned to support seamless aircraft surveillance and enhanced air-to-Air and air-to-ground applications. ADS-B is an integrated system, dependent on on board navigation systems to obtain aircraft state information as well as a communication data link to broadcast this information to Air Traffic Control (ATC) on the ground and other ADS-B equipped aircraft. To quantify system safety, a good understanding of the potential failure modes of the system is vital. ADS-B system failure modes include those from the communication and navigation systems and human and environmental factors, as well as ADS-B-specific components. In this paper, potential failure modes of the ADS-B system are identified using an approach developed in this paper. The end output of the approach is an ADS-B failure mode register. However, the approach is transferable to other ATC surveillance systems. The paper further provides the failure classification and modelling, and also analyses the failure modes' impact on ATC operations and finally proposes potential mitigations. It is important to note that the work carried out in this paper is based on the assumption that the ADS-B operates as the primary surveillance source for the ATC.
Subject Aircraft Performance and Flight Control Systems
Satellite, Space Vehicle and Missile Design and Testing
Keyword(s) ADS-B
Failure mode
Failure model
DOI - identifier 10.1017/S037346331400037X
Copyright notice © The Royal Institute of Navigation 2014
ISSN 0373-4633
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