Should we manage the process of inventing? Designing for patentability

Kokshagina, O, Le Masson, P and Weil, B 2017, 'Should we manage the process of inventing? Designing for patentability', Research in Engineering Design, vol. 28, no. 4, pp. 457-475.


Document type: Journal Article
Collection: Journal Articles

Title Should we manage the process of inventing? Designing for patentability
Author(s) Kokshagina, O
Le Masson, P
Weil, B
Year 2017
Journal name Research in Engineering Design
Volume number 28
Issue number 4
Start page 457
End page 475
Total pages 19
Publisher Springer UK
Abstract Intellectual property is considered to provide the infrastructure of innovation, and companies could proactively generate their intellectual assets and strengthen the business opportunities by focusing on discovery phases. This paper examines whether the invention process can be managed and finds that patents appear not only as a result of inventive activity but as the purpose as well. By building on recent design theories such as the conceptknowledge design theory, this research introduces a general framework that enables controlling for patentability criteria, describes a patent in a unique way using actions, effects, and associated knowledge, and defines a patentable subject matter based on the notion of the person skilled in the art. Using the introduced model, several patent design methods are compared and their performances are characterized. The model was tested within the European semiconductor manufacturer, STMicroelectronics. The results indicate that the quality of patent proposals depends on the capacity to extend existing knowledge combinations, to overcome the initial design reasoning of the person skilled in the art, and to ensure novelty and sufficient inventive step. Finally, the proposed model in this research, the design-for-patentability model, demonstrates that there is an unexplored property of the conceptknowledge design theorynon-substitutionshowing that the order within design is irreversible and influences the quality of results.
Subject Innovation and Technology Management
Keyword(s) Intellectual property
Innovation
Patent design
CK theory
Patentability
criteria
Person skilled in the art
DOI - identifier 10.1007/s00163-016-0245-0
Copyright notice © Springer-Verlag London 2016
ISSN 1435-6066
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