Active scissor‑jack for seismic risk mitigation of building structures

Mirfakhraei, S, Andalib, G and Chan, R 2019, 'Active scissor‑jack for seismic risk mitigation of building structures', SN Applied Sciences, vol. 1, no. 2, 191, pp. 1-8.

Document type: Journal Article
Collection: Journal Articles

Title Active scissor‑jack for seismic risk mitigation of building structures
Author(s) Mirfakhraei, S
Andalib, G
Chan, R
Year 2019
Journal name SN Applied Sciences
Volume number 1
Issue number 2
Article Number 191
Start page 1
End page 8
Total pages 8
Publisher Springer International Publishing
Abstract Active vibration control systems involve sensing and actuation systems to be integrated into a structure. The actuator generates control forces based on sensed external excitation and system response and applies forces directly to the structure in order to reduce its seismic response. One major obstacle with the active vibration control technique is that very large actuator power is often required. This paper studies the effects of positioning an actuator in a scissor-jack configuration within a structural frame. Based on its geometries, the governing equation of motion is derived. A classical optimal control algorithm determines control forces. In a numerical example, a three-level multi-degree of freedom system frame equipped with scissor-jack actuators is compared to an active-tendon system with the same structural characteristics. The results indicate that peak actuator force reduces by 92%. The results indicate that by using the proposed configuration, significant reduction of control forces can be achieved, implying that a much smaller actuator can be used.
Subject Structural Engineering
Earthquake Engineering
Keyword(s) Active vibration control
Earthquake engineering
DOI - identifier 10.1007/s42452-019-0210-4
Copyright notice © Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019
ISSN 2523-3963
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