Hydrodeoxygenation activity of W modified Ni/H-ZSM-5 catalyst for single step conversion of levulinic acid to pentanoic acid: An insight on the reaction mechanism and structure activity relationship

Velisoju, V, Gutta, N, Tardio, J, Bhargava, S, Vankudoth, K, Chatla, A, Medak, S and Akula, V 2018, 'Hydrodeoxygenation activity of W modified Ni/H-ZSM-5 catalyst for single step conversion of levulinic acid to pentanoic acid: An insight on the reaction mechanism and structure activity relationship', Applied Catalysis A: General, vol. 550, pp. 142-150.


Document type: Journal Article
Collection: Journal Articles

Title Hydrodeoxygenation activity of W modified Ni/H-ZSM-5 catalyst for single step conversion of levulinic acid to pentanoic acid: An insight on the reaction mechanism and structure activity relationship
Author(s) Velisoju, V
Gutta, N
Tardio, J
Bhargava, S
Vankudoth, K
Chatla, A
Medak, S
Akula, V
Year 2018
Journal name Applied Catalysis A: General
Volume number 550
Start page 142
End page 150
Total pages 9
Publisher Elsevier
Abstract Direct conversion of levulinic acid (LA) to pentanoic acid (PA) was achieved over the W modified Ni supported on SiO2, Al2O3 and H-ZSM-5 catalysts at 270 degrees C and ambient H-2 pressure in a continuous flow fixed-bed reactor. The interaction between Ni and W was the key which is rationalized by XRD, XPS, TGA-TPD of NH3, DRIFTS, TEM, CO-pulse chemisorption and H-2-TPR analyses. PA rate of similar to 1.24 mu mol s(-1) g(eat)(-1) (with highest LA conversion similar to 40% and selectivity similar to 65% after 6 h of continuous operation) achieved over W modified Ni/H-ZSM-5 catalyst compared to others. The better PA rate on Ni-W/H-ZSM-5 catalyst was manifested by the presence of not only strong acid sites and also due to a higher number surface ionic Ni species which were responsible for the ring opening of gamma-valerolactone (GVL) and the beta-proton abstraction that occurred on basic sites. On the contrary, Ni-W/SiO2, Ni-W/Al2O3 and Ni/H-ZSM-5 were found to be less selective towards PA and more selective towards GVL, exemplifying the role of support and W for the PA selectivity. The surface active sites for the PA formation are illustrated by using probes such as pyridine (strong base) and/or acetone (mild base) and formic acid adsorbed DRIFT spectroscopy. Based on the product distribution, a plausible surface mechanism was also elucidated and discussed.
Subject Catalysis and Mechanisms of Reactions
Keyword(s) Biomass
Brønsted acidity
Levulinic acid
Ni-W-H-ZSM-5
Pentanoic acid
γ-Valerolactone
DOI - identifier 10.1016/j.apcata.2017.11.008
Copyright notice © 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
ISSN 0926-860X
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