Energy-Sharing Provider for PV Prosumer Clusters: A Hybrid Approach Using Stochastic Programming and Stackelberg Game

Liu, N, Cheng, M, Yu, X, Zhong, J and Lei, J 2018, 'Energy-Sharing Provider for PV Prosumer Clusters: A Hybrid Approach Using Stochastic Programming and Stackelberg Game', IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics, vol. 65, no. 8, pp. 6740-6750.


Document type: Journal Article
Collection: Journal Articles

Title Energy-Sharing Provider for PV Prosumer Clusters: A Hybrid Approach Using Stochastic Programming and Stackelberg Game
Author(s) Liu, N
Cheng, M
Yu, X
Zhong, J
Lei, J
Year 2018
Journal name IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics
Volume number 65
Issue number 8
Start page 6740
End page 6750
Total pages 11
Publisher IEEE
Abstract According to the energy policy, which encourages local consumption of photovoltaic (PV) energy, the energy sharing among neighboring PV prosumers is proved to be a more effective way compared with independent operations of each prosumer. In this paper, an energy storage (ES)-equipped energy-sharing provider (ESP) is proposed to facilitate the energy sharing of multiple PV prosumers. With the help of the ESP, the autonomous PV prosumers can be formed as an energy-sharing network, and the energy-sharing activities can be categorized as direct sharing and buffered sharing. First, with the assistance of the ES, a day-ahead scheduling model of the ESP is built to increase the operation profit and improve the net power profile of the energy-sharing network, which considers the uncertainty of PV energy, electricity prices, and prosumers' load via stochastic programming. Moreover, to further increase the energy sharing, a real-time demand response model based on a Stackelberg game is presented to coordinate the energy consumption behavior of prosumers by using internal prices. Finally, through a practical case study, the effectiveness of the method is verified in terms of improving the economic benefits and PV energy sharing.
Subject Information and Computing Sciences not elsewhere classified
Engineering not elsewhere classified
Keyword(s) Energy management
energy storage (ES)
photovoltaic (PV) prosumers
smart grid
Stackelberg game
stochastic optimization
DOI - identifier 10.1109/TIE.2018.2793181
Copyright notice © 2018 IEEE
ISSN 0278-0046
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