Toward sustainable environmental quality: Identifying priority research questions for Latin America

Furley, T, Brodeur, J, Silva de Assis, H, Carriquiriborde, P and Nugegoda, D., et al, 2018, 'Toward sustainable environmental quality: Identifying priority research questions for Latin America', Integrated Environmental Assessment and Management, vol. 14, no. 3, pp. 344-357.

Document type: Journal Article
Collection: Journal Articles

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Title Toward sustainable environmental quality: Identifying priority research questions for Latin America
Author(s) Furley, T
Brodeur, J
Silva de Assis, H
Carriquiriborde, P
Nugegoda, D., et al,
Year 2018
Journal name Integrated Environmental Assessment and Management
Volume number 14
Issue number 3
Start page 344
End page 357
Total pages 14
Publisher John Wiley & Sons
Abstract The Global Horizon Scanning Project (GHSP) is an innovative initiative that aims to identify important global environmental quality research needs. Here we report 20 key research questions from Latin America (LA). Members of the Society of Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry (SETAC) LA and other scientists from LA were asked to submit research questions that would represent priority needs to address in the region. One hundred questions were received, then partitioned among categories, examined, and some rearranged during a workshop in Buenos Aires, Argentina. Twenty priority research questions were subsequently identified. These research questions included developing, improving, and harmonizing across LA countries methods for 1) identifying contaminants and degradation products in complex matrices (including biota); 2) advancing prediction of contaminant risks and effects in ecosystems, addressing lab-to-field extrapolation challenges, and understanding complexities of multiple stressors (including chemicals and climate change); and 3) improving management and regulatory tools toward achieving sustainable development. Whereas environmental contaminants frequently identified in these key questions were pesticides, pharmaceuticals, endocrine disruptors or modulators, plastics, and nanomaterials, commonly identified environmental challenges were related to agriculture, urban effluents, solid wastes, pulp and paper mills, and natural extraction activities. Several interesting research topics included assessing and preventing pollution impacts on conservation protected areas, integrating environment and health assessments, and developing strategies for identification, substitution, and design of less hazardous chemicals (e.g., green chemistry). Finally, a recurrent research need included developing an understanding of differential sensitivity of regional species and ecosystems to environmental contaminants and other stressors. Addressing these critical questions will
Subject Biological Sciences not elsewhere classified
Chemical Sciences not elsewhere classified
Environmental Sciences not elsewhere classified
Keyword(s) Chemicals and waste
Environmental quality research needs
Environmental stressors
Sustainable development goals
DOI - identifier 10.1002/ieam.2023
Copyright notice © 2018 The Authors. This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License
ISSN 1551-3793
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