Determining the value of cooling in photovoltaics for enhanced energy yield

Duck, B, Fell, C, Anderson, K, Sacchetta, C, Du, Y and Zhu, Y 2018, 'Determining the value of cooling in photovoltaics for enhanced energy yield', Solar Energy, vol. 159, pp. 337-345.


Document type: Journal Article
Collection: Journal Articles

Title Determining the value of cooling in photovoltaics for enhanced energy yield
Author(s) Duck, B
Fell, C
Anderson, K
Sacchetta, C
Du, Y
Zhu, Y
Year 2018
Journal name Solar Energy
Volume number 159
Start page 337
End page 345
Total pages 9
Publisher Elsevier Ltd
Abstract Methods for cooling photovoltaic (PV) modules to increase their output have been proposed several times in the literature. Most of these reports describe the increase in power output achieved, but they rarely comment on the economic cost-benefit proposition. Where the economics have been considered, this has been based on measurements for the authors specific PV system at a specific site. This means the economics are not easily interpreted for other systems at other sites. We derive a theoretical formulation for quantifying the economic value of artificial cooling of PV modules. The formulation is not specific to any particular method of cooling. It takes as input the rate of heat removal that a cooling method can provide (in Wm2 or Wm2K?1) and determines the economic value of this cooling rate, based on variables including local solar conditions, capital cost of the system, system ventilation, plus the temperature coefficient and efficiency of the modules. We find that the economic value of cooling PV depends strongly on the system design and local conditions, with favourable circumstances leading to a viable cost of potentially over $40/m2, however unfavourable circumstances are many times less attractive at less than $1/m2. The equations presented can be used to optimise the design of a cooling feature that is applied to a PV module or system, provided the above parameters of the cooling feature and PV system are established.
Subject Built Environment and Design not elsewhere classified
Keyword(s) Cooling
Economic
Photovoltaics
Solar
Temperature
Value
DOI - identifier 10.1016/j.solener.2017.11.004
Copyright notice © 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
ISSN 0038-092X
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