Nanostructured anode materials for lithium ion batteries: progress, challenge and perspective

Mahmood, N, Tang, T and Hou, Y 2016, 'Nanostructured anode materials for lithium ion batteries: progress, challenge and perspective', Advanced Energy Materials, vol. 6, no. 17, pp. 1-22.


Document type: Journal Article
Collection: Journal Articles

Title Nanostructured anode materials for lithium ion batteries: progress, challenge and perspective
Author(s) Mahmood, N
Tang, T
Hou, Y
Year 2016
Journal name Advanced Energy Materials
Volume number 6
Issue number 17
Start page 1
End page 22
Total pages 22
Publisher Wiley-VCH Verlag
Abstract Lithium ion batteries (LIBs) possess energy densities higher than those of the conventional batteries, but their lower power densities and poor cycling lives are critical challenges for their applications to electric vehicles (EVs) or grid stations. The energy and power densities, as well as the life of LIBs are dependent on electrodes where sluggish diffusion control process and structural stability are the main concerns. Here, the lithium storage mechanism of anode materials and the Goodenough diagram to explain the potential of cell and key parameters to determine the performance of an anode are highlighted. The cost reduction parameters and the availability of anode materials for future batteries on the basis of their resources and performances will be discussed. Further, the recent progress on anode nanostructures and solutions to the associated challenges will be outlined. The use of several techniques to determine the dynamic variations in nanostructures including both structural and chemical changes of electrode nanostructures during cycling as well as the limitations for high load applications will be explained. Finally, the concluding remarks will highlight the characteristics for both anode and cathode for better choice of electrode combinations in the full batteries.
Subject Synthesis of Materials
Nanomaterials
Functional Materials
Keyword(s) anodes
energy density
lithium ion batteries
nanomaterials
nanostructures
DOI - identifier 10.1002/aenm.201600374
Copyright notice © 2016 Wiley-VCH Verlag
ISSN 1614-6832
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