Deformation and Rupture of Armour Grade Steel under Localised Blast Loading

McDonald, B, Bornstein, H, Langdon, G, Curry, R and Orifici, A 2017, 'Deformation and Rupture of Armour Grade Steel under Localised Blast Loading', Procedia Engineering, vol. 197, pp. 13-22.

Document type: Journal Article
Collection: Journal Articles

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Title Deformation and Rupture of Armour Grade Steel under Localised Blast Loading
Author(s) McDonald, B
Bornstein, H
Langdon, G
Curry, R
Orifici, A
Year 2017
Journal name Procedia Engineering
Volume number 197
Start page 13
End page 22
Total pages 10
Publisher Elsevier BV
Abstract A series of 30 blast experiments were conducted on monolithic steel panels of two armour grade steels. The two steels evaluated were a high hardness armour (HHA) and a rolled homogenous armour (RHA). Tests were conducted at two standoff distances using a fixed charge diameter. The charge weight was varied to produce specific magnitudes of blast loading and to isolate the rupture threshold of each material. The results indicated that the HHA steel, generally reserved for ballistic protection, outperformed a more ductile RHA steel in terms of both its deformation resistance and rupture threshold. Optical and scanning electron microscopy was utilised for fractographic analysis of the ruptured plates. The failure of the steels in this investigation was found to be initiated by slant shear fracture with little to no localised thinning. This is in contrast to the tensile instability and ductile tearing predicted by established theories of plate rupture for mild steels under blast loading. The deformation and rupture of the candidate steels was analysed for all experimental conditions and compared to current empirical models based on a non-dimensional impulse parameter. While deformation behaviour is well predicted, the blast rupture threshold of the armour grade steels is poorly captured by current empirical modelling approaches. The identified shear fracture mode leads to lower energy absorption capabilities of the material compared to more ductile tensile failure.
Subject Mechanical Engineering not elsewhere classified
Keyword(s) Armour Steel
Blast Loading
Shear Fracture
DOI - identifier 10.1016/j.proeng.2017.08.077
Copyright notice © 2017 Published by Elsevier Ltd. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license.
ISSN 1877-7058
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