The effects of the presence of others during a rowing exercise in a virtual reality environment

Murray, E, Neumann, D, Moffitt, R and Thomas, P 2016, 'The effects of the presence of others during a rowing exercise in a virtual reality environment', Psychology of Sport and Exercise, vol. 22, pp. 328-336.


Document type: Journal Article
Collection: Journal Articles

Title The effects of the presence of others during a rowing exercise in a virtual reality environment
Author(s) Murray, E
Neumann, D
Moffitt, R
Thomas, P
Year 2016
Journal name Psychology of Sport and Exercise
Volume number 22
Start page 328
End page 336
Total pages 9
Publisher Elsevier BV
Abstract Objectives: The aim of the study was to test the performance, motivational, and affective impact of aerobic exercise within an immersive virtual reality environment experienced alone or with another individual. Design: Sixty female participants aged 18-30 years were assigned to one of three conditions: no virtual reality (NVR), individual virtual reality (IVR), or companion virtual reality (CVR). Method: Participants completed 9 min of self-paced rowing on an ergometer without any visual input or performance feedback (NVR), individually within a virtual reality environment (IVR), or within a virtual reality environment that included a companion depicted as an avatar (CVR). Results: The two virtual reality groups rowed a further distance and at a higher power output than the NVR group. Furthermore, the CVR group outperformed the IVR group in distance and had a higher heart rate. Participants in the virtual reality groups did not perceive themselves to be exerting more physical effort and rated the task as more enjoyable than participants in the NVR group. Conclusions: Virtual reality improves performance and the affective response to aerobic exercise, and performance effects are further enhanced by the presence of others in the virtual environment.
Subject Educational Psychology
Health, Clinical and Counselling Psychology
Sport and Exercise Psychology
Keyword(s) Exercise
Performance
Rowing
Virtual reality
DOI - identifier 10.1016/j.psychsport.2015.09.007
Copyright notice © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
ISSN 1469-0292
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