A systematic review of the application of interactive virtual reality to sport

Neumann, D, Moffitt, R, Thomas, P, Loveday, K, Watling, D, Lombard, C, Antonova, S and Tremeer, M 2018, 'A systematic review of the application of interactive virtual reality to sport', Virtual Reality, vol. 22, no. 3, pp. 183-198.

Document type: Journal Article
Collection: Journal Articles

Title A systematic review of the application of interactive virtual reality to sport
Author(s) Neumann, D
Moffitt, R
Thomas, P
Loveday, K
Watling, D
Lombard, C
Antonova, S
Tremeer, M
Year 2018
Journal name Virtual Reality
Volume number 22
Issue number 3
Start page 183
End page 198
Total pages 16
Publisher Springer
Abstract Virtual reality (VR) technology is being increasingly used by athletes, coaches, and other sport-related professionals. The present systematic review aimed to document research on the application of VR to sport to better understand the outcomes that have emerged in this work. Research literature databases were searched, and the results screened to identify articles reporting applications of interactive VR to sport with healthy human participants. Twenty articles were identified and coded to document the study aims, research designs, participant characteristics, sport types, VR technology, measures, and key findings. From the review, it was shown that interactive VR applications have enhanced a range of performance, physiological, and psychological outcomes. The specific effects have been influenced by factors related to the athlete and the VR system, which comprise athlete factors, VR environment factors, task factors, and the non-VR environment factors. Important variables include the presence of others in the virtual environment, competitiveness, task autonomy, immersion, attentional focus, and feedback. The majority of research has been conducted on endurance sports, such as running, cycling, and rowing, and more research is required to examine the use of interactive VR in skill-based sports. Additional directions for future research and reporting standards for researchers are suggested.
Subject Educational Psychology
Health, Clinical and Counselling Psychology
Sport and Exercise Psychology
Keyword(s) Exercise
Systematic review
Virtual reality
DOI - identifier 10.1007/s10055-017-0320-5
Copyright notice © Springer-Verlag London Ltd. 2017
ISSN 1359-4338
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