Over-Speeding Rotational Transmission of a Carbon Nanotube-Based Bearing

Cai, K, Cai, H, Ren, L, Shi, J and Qin, Q 2016, 'Over-Speeding Rotational Transmission of a Carbon Nanotube-Based Bearing', The Journal of Physical Chemistry Part C, vol. 120, no. 10, pp. 5797-5803.


Document type: Journal Article
Collection: Journal Articles

Title Over-Speeding Rotational Transmission of a Carbon Nanotube-Based Bearing
Author(s) Cai, K
Cai, H
Ren, L
Shi, J
Qin, Q
Year 2016
Journal name The Journal of Physical Chemistry Part C
Volume number 120
Issue number 10
Start page 5797
End page 5803
Total pages 7
Publisher American Chemical Society
Abstract In studying the rotational transmission behavior of a carbon nanotube-based bearing (e.g., (5, 5)/(10, 10)) driven by a CNT motor (e.g., (9, 9)) at finite temperature, one can find that the rotor has different dynamic states from the motor at different environmental condition. In particular, the rotor can be in the overspeeding rotational transmission (ORT) state, in which the rotational speed of the rotor is higher than that of the motor. If we change the rotational frequency of the motor (e.g., >100 GHz) and the curved angle of the rotor, the bearing can reach the ORT state. Besides, in the ORT state, the ratio of the rotors rotational speed over that of the motor will be not higher than the ratio of the motors radius over that of the rotor. There are two major reasons that result in the bearing to the ORT state. One is that the thermal vibration of atoms between the carbon-hydrogen (C-H) end of the motor and that of the rotor has a drastic collision when the motor is in a high rotational speed. The collision causes the atoms at the end of the rotor to have a circular and axial velocity. The circular velocity leads to the rotation of the rotor and the axial velocity causes the oscillation of the rotor. Another reason is sourced from the oblique angle between the rotor and the stators due to the rotor having a curved angle. A higher oblique angle results in higher friction between the rotor and stator, and it also provides higher collision between the rotor and motor. Hence, one can adjust the transmission state of the rotor by changing not only the environmental temperature but also the rotational speed of the motor, as well as the curved angle of the rotor. The mechanism is essential in guiding a design of a rotational transmission nanodevice which transforms the rotation of the motor into other states of the rotor as output signals.
Subject Nanoelectromechanical Systems
DOI - identifier 10.1021/acs.jpcc.6b00420
Copyright notice © 2016 American Chemical Society
ISSN 1932-7447
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