A New Method for Refining the GNSS-Derived Precipitable Water Vapor Map

Liu, C, Zheng, N, Zhang, K and Liu, J 2019, 'A New Method for Refining the GNSS-Derived Precipitable Water Vapor Map', Sensors (Basel, Switzerland), vol. 19, no. 3, pp. 1-18.

Document type: Journal Article
Collection: Journal Articles

Title A New Method for Refining the GNSS-Derived Precipitable Water Vapor Map
Author(s) Liu, C
Zheng, N
Zhang, K
Liu, J
Year 2019
Journal name Sensors (Basel, Switzerland)
Volume number 19
Issue number 3
Start page 1
End page 18
Total pages 18
Publisher MDPI AG
Abstract The objective of the study was to put forth an interpolation method (the LZ method) for refining the GNSS-derived precipitable water vapor (PWV) map. We established a regional weighted mean temperature (Tm) model for this experiment, which introduced a minor difference into the resultant GNSS-derived PWV compared to the previous Tm models. The kernel of the LZ method consists of increasing the sample density via the virtual sample points. These virtual sample points originated from the digital elevation model (DEM) were constructed on the basis of the statistically significant correlation between PWV and geographical location (i.e., geographical coordinates and elevation). The LZ method was validated and compared to the conventional interpolation approach only accounting for the original sample points. The results reflect that the PWV maps generated by the LZ method showed more details than through conventional one. In addition, the prediction performance of the LZ method was better than that of the conventional method by using cross-validation.
Subject Navigation and Position Fixing
Keyword(s) digital elevation model
GNSS remote sensing
precipitable water vapor
weighted mean temperature
DOI - identifier 10.3390/s19030698
Copyright notice © 2019 by the authors.
ISSN 1424-8220
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