Using power ultrasound for cold gelation of kappa-carrageenan in presence of sodium ions

Farahnaky, A, Azizi, R, Majzoobi, M, Mesbahi, G and Maftoonazad, N 2013, 'Using power ultrasound for cold gelation of kappa-carrageenan in presence of sodium ions', Innovative Food Science and Emerging Technologies, vol. 20, pp. 173-181.


Document type: Journal Article
Collection: Journal Articles

Title Using power ultrasound for cold gelation of kappa-carrageenan in presence of sodium ions
Author(s) Farahnaky, A
Azizi, R
Majzoobi, M
Mesbahi, G
Maftoonazad, N
Year 2013
Journal name Innovative Food Science and Emerging Technologies
Volume number 20
Start page 173
End page 181
Total pages 9
Publisher Elsevier BV
Abstract Usually a heating stage is required to solubilize kappa carrageenan dispersions for gel formation on cooling. This work reports cold gelation of kappa carrageenan in the presence of sodium ions using power ultrasound without using any heating stage. Carrageenan gels were prepared using ultrasound in the presence or absence of NaCl and their textural properties were compared with the gels prepared with conventional heating method. Mechanical properties of the gels strongly increased with ultrasonication time up to a certain level, and further sonication reduced mechanical characteristics. Addition of Na + ions after ultrasonication was more effective in increasing textural hardness than when Na+ is present during ultrasonication. Microscopic images demonstrated that increasing ultrasonication time up to a certain level leads to coherent gel networks and further ultrasound has a negative impact on the gel network. Solubility and intrinsic viscosity results are also presented. Moreover, Maxwell model with three elements was used to analyze stress relaxation data. Industrial relevance So far, all documented reports have indicated that to induce gelation of kappa carrageenan dispersions a preheating step is required followed by cooling. In the present work, using power ultrasound a new method for cold gelation of carrageenan dispersions is introduced. Using ultrasound, food and non-food processors can use kappa carrageenan as a viscosifying and gelling agent without using heating.
Subject Food Processing
Keyword(s) Cold gelation
Kappa carrageenan
Maxwell model
Power ultrasound
Texture characteristics
DOI - identifier 10.1016/j.ifset.2013.06.002
Copyright notice © 2013 Elsevier
ISSN 1466-8564
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