Non-destructive measurement of grapevine water potential using near infrared spectroscopy

De Bei, R, Cozzolino, D, Sullivan, W, Cynkar, W, Fuentes, S, Dambergs, R, Pech, J and Tyerman, S 2011, 'Non-destructive measurement of grapevine water potential using near infrared spectroscopy', Australian Journal of Grape and Wine Research, vol. 17, no. 1, pp. 62-71.


Document type: Journal Article
Collection: Journal Articles

Title Non-destructive measurement of grapevine water potential using near infrared spectroscopy
Author(s) De Bei, R
Cozzolino, D
Sullivan, W
Cynkar, W
Fuentes, S
Dambergs, R
Pech, J
Tyerman, S
Year 2011
Journal name Australian Journal of Grape and Wine Research
Volume number 17
Issue number 1
Start page 62
End page 71
Total pages 10
Publisher Wiley-Blackwell Publishing Asia
Abstract Background and Aims: Near infrared (NIR) spectroscopy techniques are not only used for a variety of physical and chemical analyses in the food industry, but also in remote sensing studies as tools to predict plant water status. In this study, NIR spectroscopy was evaluated as a method to estimate water potential of grapevines. Methods and Results: Cabernet Sauvignon, Chardonnay and Shiraz leaves were scanned using an Integrated Spectronic (3001100 nm) or an ASD FieldSpec® 3 (Analytical Spectral Devices, Boulder, Colorado, USA) (3501850 nm) spectrophotometer and then measured to obtain midday leaf water potential using a pressure chamber. On the same shoot, the leaf adjacent the one used for midday leaf water potential measurement was used to measure midday stem water potential. Calibrations were built and NIR showed good prediction ability (standard error in cross validation (SECV) <0.24 MPa) for stem water potential for each of the three grapevine varieties. The best calibration was obtained for the prediction of stem water potential in Shiraz (R = 0.92 and a SECV = 0.09 MPa). Conclusion: Differences in the NIR spectra were related to the leaf surface from which the spectra were collected, and this had an effect on the accuracy of the calibration results for water potential. We demonstrated that NIR can be used as a simple and rapid method to detect grapevine water status. Significance of the Study: Grapevine water potential can be measured using NIR spectroscopy. The advantages of this new approach are speed and low cost of analysis. It may be possible for NIR to be used as a non‐destructive, in‐field tool for irrigation scheduling.
Subject Sensor Technology (Chemical aspects)
Keyword(s) Abaxial
Adaxial
NIR
Optical property
DOI - identifier 10.1111/j.1755-0238.2010.00117.x
Copyright notice 2010 Australian Society of Viticulture and Oenology
ISSN 1322-7130
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