Effectiveness of vehicle passive safety systems in lateral fixed-object collisions

Gaylor, L, Junge, M and Abanteriba, S 2018, 'Effectiveness of vehicle passive safety systems in lateral fixed-object collisions', International Journal of Vehicle Safety, vol. 10, no. 34, pp. 195-211.

Document type: Journal Article
Collection: Journal Articles

Title Effectiveness of vehicle passive safety systems in lateral fixed-object collisions
Author(s) Gaylor, L
Junge, M
Abanteriba, S
Year 2018
Journal name International Journal of Vehicle Safety
Volume number 10
Issue number 34
Start page 195
End page 211
Total pages 17
Publisher Inderscience
Abstract Lateral impacts with narrow objects subject the side of the vehicle to highly concentrated loading. Passive safety systems such as thoracic and head side airbags attempt to prevent injury during the given impact. The aim of the research is to evaluate the real-world effectiveness of the airbags systems by reviewing NASS-CDS data. The risk of injury is directly compared for vehicles with and without the deployed airbags. A total of 209 raw events (60,794 weighted) were obtained, of which 38 (2784 weighted) vehicles provided additional thoracic protection with the airbag and 28 (2450 weighted) had a head airbag deploy. The results indicated a strong protective ability of the head side airbags to prevent injury. On the other hand, no distinctive benefit could be attributed to the deployed thoracic airbags.
Subject Automotive Safety Engineering
Biomechanical Engineering
Keyword(s) Abdomen injury
Fixed object collisions
Head/face/ neck injury
Pelvis injury
Side airbags
Thoracic injury
DOI - identifier 10.1504/IJVS.2018.097705
Copyright notice Copyright © 2018 Inderscience Enterprises Ltd.
ISSN 1479-3105
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