An overview on dry low NOx micromix combustor development for hydrogen-rich gas turbine applications

Funke, H, Beckmann, N and Abanteriba, S 2019, 'An overview on dry low NOx micromix combustor development for hydrogen-rich gas turbine applications', International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, vol. 44, no. 13, pp. 6978-6990.

Document type: Journal Article
Collection: Journal Articles

Title An overview on dry low NOx micromix combustor development for hydrogen-rich gas turbine applications
Author(s) Funke, H
Beckmann, N
Abanteriba, S
Year 2019
Journal name International Journal of Hydrogen Energy
Volume number 44
Issue number 13
Start page 6978
End page 6990
Total pages 13
Publisher Elsevier
Abstract The paper presents a survey of the interactive optimization cycle at Aachen University of Applied Sciences, used for the development of a new low emission Micromix combustor module for application in hydrogen fueled industrial gas turbines. During the development process, experimental and numerical methods are applied to optimize a given baseline combustor with 0.3 mm nozzles with respect to combustion efficiency, combustion stability, higher thermal power output per nozzle and reduced manufacturing complexity. Within the described research cycle combustion and flow simulations are used in the context of parametric studies for generating optimized burner geometries and the phenomenological interpretation of the experimental results. Experimental tests, carried out on an atmospheric combustion chamber test stand provide the basis for validation of simulation results and proof of the predicted combustion characteristics under scaled down gas turbine conditions. In the presented studies, an integration-optimized Micromix combustor with a nozzle diameter of 0.84 mm is tested at atmospheric pressure over a range of gas turbine operating conditions with hydrogen fuel. The combustor module offers an increase in the thermal power output per nozzle by approx. 390% at a significant reduced number of injectors when compared to the baseline design. This greatly benefits manufacturing complexity and the robustness of the combustion process against fuel contamination by particles. During atmospheric testing, the optimized combustor module shows satisfactory operating behavior, combustion efficiency and pollutant emission level. Within the evaluated operating range, which correlates to gas turbine part-, full- and overload conditions, the investigated combustor module exceeds 99% combustion efficiency. The Micromix combustor achieves NO x emissions less than 2.5 ppm corrected to 15 Vol% O 2 at the design point. Based on numerical analyses and experimental low pressure testing, a f
Subject Non-automotive Combustion and Fuel Engineering (incl. Alternative/Renewable Fuels)
Energy Generation, Conversion and Storage Engineering
Keyword(s) CFD
Gas turbine
Low emission
DOI - identifier 10.1016/j.ijhydene.2019.01.161
Copyright notice © 2019 Hydrogen Energy Publications LLC. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
ISSN 0360-3199
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