Vulnerable populations affected by mining: Predicting and preventing outbreaks of physical violence

Bond, C and Kirsch, P 2015, 'Vulnerable populations affected by mining: Predicting and preventing outbreaks of physical violence', Extractive Industries and Society, vol. 2, no. 3, pp. 552-561.


Document type: Journal Article
Collection: Journal Articles

Title Vulnerable populations affected by mining: Predicting and preventing outbreaks of physical violence
Author(s) Bond, C
Kirsch, P
Year 2015
Journal name Extractive Industries and Society
Volume number 2
Issue number 3
Start page 552
End page 561
Total pages 10
Publisher Elsevier BV
Abstract Mining occurs in ever more remote areas of the world inhabited by some of the world's most vulnerable populations. Loosely framing these populations as living in 'developing country' contexts does not adequately address the risk of physical violence they face as a result of mining activity. This article explores the risk of violence that may be exacerbated by rises in commodity prices. Whether short lived or long-term, dramatic increases in mineral prices appear to drive behaviour leading to physical violence for vulnerable populations. The article posits that there may be a relationship between the actual or perceived value of mineral resources and the level of violence that occurs in mining-related conflicts. Consequently, it is theoretically possible to proactively anticipate potential outbreaks of violence in vulnerable populations. Underlying is a mapping exercise of mining related conflict to see where mining related conflict is happening; to identify precipitant causes of mining related conflict; and, to discover potential correlations in the degree of violence and the value of the mineral(s) implicated. Implications are drawn for how preventative measures might be put into place in order that human suffering is not increased when financial markets drive up commodity prices.
Subject Social and Cultural Geography
Corporate Governance and Stakeholder Engagement
Keyword(s) Conflict minerals
Conflict prevention
Mineral value
Mining-related violence
Violence prediction
DOI - identifier 10.1016/j.exis.2015.06.008
Copyright notice © 2015 Elsevier
ISSN 2214-790X
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