Need, Entitlement and Desert: A Distributive Justice Framework for Consumption Degrowth

Gabriel, C and Bond, C 2019, 'Need, Entitlement and Desert: A Distributive Justice Framework for Consumption Degrowth', Ecological Economics, vol. 156, pp. 327-336.

Document type: Journal Article
Collection: Journal Articles

Title Need, Entitlement and Desert: A Distributive Justice Framework for Consumption Degrowth
Author(s) Gabriel, C
Bond, C
Year 2019
Journal name Ecological Economics
Volume number 156
Start page 327
End page 336
Total pages 10
Publisher Elsevier BV
Abstract Post-growth societies seek socio-ecological transformations towards a just and sustainable redistribution and reduced consumption of natural capital. There is no one universally just and ecologically sustainable way of fulfilling these redistribution and consumption objectives; it depends on the criteria used and their underlying ethical teleology. We suggest three distribution criteria, borrowed from the foundations of the Environmental Justice (EJ) movement: need, entitlement and desert. By juxtaposing and problematising the needs, entitlements and deserts of nature and society, these criteria comprise an ethical framework for consumption Degrowth praxis in communities. We present arguments for how each distribution criterion fulfils the aims articulated in the Degrowth corpus. Based on these arguments, we propose seven justice-based community action principles for redistribution under Degrowth. In our discussion of these derived principles, we demonstrate that, like EJ, Degrowth seeks consequential as well as deontological justice, underscoring their deep complementarity. Therefore, our Need-Entitlement-Desert framework may serve as a useful guiding frame to include ethical distribution considerations in societies' pursuit of post-growth futures.
Subject Corporate Governance and Stakeholder Engagement
International Relations
Keyword(s) Degrowth
Environmental Justice
DOI - identifier 10.1016/j.ecolecon.2018.10.006
Copyright notice © 2018 Elsevier
ISSN 0921-8009
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