Optimization of ship traffic at berthing areas of maritime container terminals via Simulation Experiment

Shahpanah, A, Zahraee, S and Shiwakoti, N 2019, 'Optimization of ship traffic at berthing areas of maritime container terminals via Simulation Experiment', Logistics Research, vol. 12, no. 2, pp. 1-15.


Document type: Journal Article
Collection: Journal Articles

Title Optimization of ship traffic at berthing areas of maritime container terminals via Simulation Experiment
Author(s) Shahpanah, A
Zahraee, S
Shiwakoti, N
Year 2019
Journal name Logistics Research
Volume number 12
Issue number 2
Start page 1
End page 15
Total pages 15
Publisher SpringerOpen
Abstract Maritime transportation plays a leading role in the movement and minimization of transportation costs of goods between regions. One of the major challenges faced by port managers/operators is the growing number of containers or ship traffic which can affect the port container terminal productivity. Mathematical and simulation based models for berth assignments can help to solve such logistic problems in container terminals. However, existing simulation approaches are computationally intensive for optimizing the relevant factors that may affect the berth operation or port productivity. In this study, we propose a computationally efficient approach of combining simulation with Design of Experiments (DOE) to optimize the container port productivity. Further, based on a case study of container port terminal in Malaysia, we systematically examine the effect of tug pilots, berths numbers, cranes numbers and type of queue on port container terminal productivity. We found that only berth numbers, crane numbers and type of queue had significant effect on port productivity. It is recommended to adopt low container value, first serve queuing approach for serving the ships. We could achieve a maximum productivity of around 86% through our optimization model. Further, an increase of about 22% in port productivity as compared to the existing port productivity of the terminal was observed through our method.
Subject Marine Engineering
Keyword(s) Maritime Transportation
Container Port Terminal
Productivity
Computer simulation
Design of experiments (DOE)
Copyright notice © The Author(s) 2018 This article is published with Open Access at www.bvl.de/lore
ISSN 1865-0368
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