A comprehensive review of biodegradable synthetic polymer-ceramic composites and their manufacture for biomedical applications

Alizadeh Osgouei, M, Li, Y and Wen, C 2019, 'A comprehensive review of biodegradable synthetic polymer-ceramic composites and their manufacture for biomedical applications', Bioactive Materials, vol. 4, no. 1, pp. 22-36.


Document type: Journal Article
Collection: Journal Articles

Title A comprehensive review of biodegradable synthetic polymer-ceramic composites and their manufacture for biomedical applications
Author(s) Alizadeh Osgouei, M
Li, Y
Wen, C
Year 2019
Journal name Bioactive Materials
Volume number 4
Issue number 1
Start page 22
End page 36
Total pages 15
Publisher Ke Ai Publishing
Abstract The application of various materials in biomedical procedures has recently experienced rapid growth. One area that is currently receiving significant attention from the scientific community is the treatment of a number of different types of bone-related diseases and disorders by using biodegradable polymer-ceramic composites. Biomaterials, the most common materials used to repair or replace damaged parts of the human body, can be categorized into three major groups: metals, ceramics, and polymers. Composites can be manufactured by combining two or more materials to achieve enhanced biocompatibility and biomechanical properties for specific applications. Biomaterials must display suitable properties for their applications, about strength, durability, and biological influence. Metals and their alloys such as titanium, stainless steel, and cobalt-based alloys have been widely investigated for implant-device applications because of their excellent mechanical properties. However, these materials may also manifest biological issues such as toxicity, poor tissue adhesion and stress shielding effect due to their high elastic modulus. To mitigate these issues, hydroxyapatite (HA) coatings have been used on metals because their chemical composition is similar to that of bone and teeth. Recently, a wide range of synthetic polymers such as poly (L-lactic acid) and poly (L-lactide-co-glycolide) have been studied for different biomedical applications, owing to their promising biocompatibility and biodegradability. This article gives an overview of synthetic polymer-ceramic composites with a particular emphasis on calcium phosphate group and their potential applications in tissue engineering. It is hoped that synthetic polymer-ceramic composites such as PLLA/HA and PCL/HA will provide advantages such as eliminating the stress shielding effect and the consequent need for revision surgery.
Subject Biomaterials
Keyword(s) 3D printing
Hydroxyapatite
Magnetron sputtering
Synthetic polymers
DOI - identifier 10.1016/j.bioactmat.2018.11.003
Copyright notice © This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/BY-NC-ND/4.0/).
ISSN 2452-199X
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