The effect of fiber type, yarn structure and fabric structure on the frictional characteristics of sock fabrics

Van Amber, R, Lowe, B, Niven, B, Laing, R, Wilson, C and Collie, S 2015, 'The effect of fiber type, yarn structure and fabric structure on the frictional characteristics of sock fabrics', Textile Research Journal, vol. 85, no. 2, pp. 115-127.


Document type: Journal Article
Collection: Journal Articles

Title The effect of fiber type, yarn structure and fabric structure on the frictional characteristics of sock fabrics
Author(s) Van Amber, R
Lowe, B
Niven, B
Laing, R
Wilson, C
Collie, S
Year 2015
Journal name Textile Research Journal
Volume number 85
Issue number 2
Start page 115
End page 127
Total pages 13
Publisher Sage
Abstract The objective of this study was to measure the combined effects of fiber type (fine wool, mid-micron wool, acrylic), yarn type (high twist, low twist, single) and fabric structure (single jersey, half-terry, terry) on friction between sock fabrics and a synthetic skin using the horizontal platform method. The effect of weight of a hypothetical wearer and moisture content of a sock fabric were also investigated. Differences among fabrics were analyzed using frictional force traces. Data compared included the static and dynamic friction and coefficients of friction, as well as three new descriptive parameters. All variables investigated affected the frictional characteristics between a sock fabric and a synthetic skin. Single jersey fabrics had the lowest coefficient of static and dynamic friction. Friction between fabric and a synthetic skin was affected most by the applied weight, with the simulated adult weight resulting in a greater frictional force, and higher coefficients of static and dynamic friction. The most important effect of fiber was on the static frictional force and coefficient of static friction of damp fabrics, with fabrics composed of fine wool exhibiting lowest friction, and acrylic fabrics the highest.
Subject Textile Technology
Keyword(s) blisters
fabric structure
fiber type
friction
sock fabrics
yarn type
DOI - identifier 10.1177/0040517514530029
Copyright notice © 2014, SAGE Publications
ISSN 0040-5175
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