Outlook For Graphene-Based Desalination Membranes

Boretti, A, Al-Zubaidy, S, Vaclavikova, M, Al-Abri, M, Castelletto, S and Mikhalovsky, S 2018, 'Outlook For Graphene-Based Desalination Membranes', NPJ Clean Water, vol. 1, pp. 1-11.

Document type: Journal Article
Collection: Journal Articles

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Title Outlook For Graphene-Based Desalination Membranes
Author(s) Boretti, A
Al-Zubaidy, S
Vaclavikova, M
Al-Abri, M
Castelletto, S
Mikhalovsky, S
Year 2018
Journal name NPJ Clean Water
Volume number 1
Start page 1
End page 11
Total pages 11
Publisher Nature Publishing Group
Abstract We discuss here next-generation membranes based on graphene for water desalination, based on the results of molecular simulations, application of nanofabrication technologies, and experiments. The potential of graphene to serve as a key material for advanced membranes comes from two major possible advantages of this atomically thin two-dimensional material: permeability and selectivity. Graphene-based membranes are also hypothetically attractive based on concentration polarization and fouling, and graphene's chemical and physical stability. Further research is needed to fully achieve these theoretical benefits, however. In addition, improvement in the design and manufacturing processes, so to produce performance and cost-effective graphene-based desalination devices, is still an open question. Finally, membranes are only one part of desalination systems, and current processes are not optimized to take full advantage of the higher selectivity and permeability of graphene. New desalination processes are, therefore, needed to unlock the full benefits of graphene.
Subject Energy Generation, Conversion and Storage Engineering
DOI - identifier 10.1038/s41545-018-0004-z
Copyright notice Open Access. This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.
ISSN 2059-7037
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