Influence of natural fibre reinforcements on the flammability of bio-derived composite materials

Chai, M, Bickerton, S, Bhattacharyya, D and Das, R 2012, 'Influence of natural fibre reinforcements on the flammability of bio-derived composite materials', Composites Part B: Engineering, vol. 43, no. 7, pp. 2867-2874.


Document type: Journal Article
Collection: Journal Articles

Title Influence of natural fibre reinforcements on the flammability of bio-derived composite materials
Author(s) Chai, M
Bickerton, S
Bhattacharyya, D
Das, R
Year 2012
Journal name Composites Part B: Engineering
Volume number 43
Issue number 7
Start page 2867
End page 2874
Total pages 8
Publisher Elsevier
Abstract Composite materials are increasingly being used in applications in which their fire response is a critical consideration. Environmental concerns motivate the use of natural fibres, but they represent an additional fuel source for combustion, and their composites will perform worse in flammability testing compared to synthetic alternatives. An experimental study is presented, comparing flax fibre reinforced epoxy samples to composites formed from glass fibre reinforcements of similar architecture, reinforcing the same resin system. The flax composites ignite earlier, release greater levels of heat, and their structure deforms significantly during combustion. Further studies are required to increase understanding of the combustion process, if efficient mechanisms are to be found to reduce flammability of natural fibre composites to acceptable levels.
Subject Composite and Hybrid Materials
Keyword(s) A. Polymer-matrix composites (PMCs)
B. Thermal properties
D. Thermal analysis
E. Resin Transfer Moulding (RTM)
DOI - identifier 10.1016/j.compositesb.2012.04.051
Copyright notice © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
ISSN 1359-8368
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