Modelling of metal forging using SPH

Cleary, P, Mahesh Prakash, M, Das, R and Ha, J 2012, 'Modelling of metal forging using SPH', Applied Mathematical Modelling, vol. 36, no. 8, pp. 3836-3855.

Document type: Journal Article
Collection: Journal Articles

Title Modelling of metal forging using SPH
Author(s) Cleary, P
Mahesh Prakash, M
Das, R
Ha, J
Year 2012
Journal name Applied Mathematical Modelling
Volume number 36
Issue number 8
Start page 3836
End page 3855
Total pages 20
Publisher Elsevier
Abstract In solid metal forming processes, such as forging, large distortions in the material present challenging problems for numerical simulation using grid based methods. Computations invariably fail after some level of mesh distortion is reached unless suitable re-meshing is implemented to cope with the mesh distortion arising from the material deformation. The issue of mesh distortion and the subsequent re-meshing are topics of much research for grid based methods. These problems can be overcome by using a mesh-less numerical framework. In this paper, the application of a mesh-less method called Smoothed Particle Hydrodynamics (SPH) for modelling three-dimensional complex forging processes is demonstrated. It is shown that SPH is a useful simulation method for obtaining insights into the material deformation and flow pattern during forging of realistic industrial components. The effect of process parameters and material properties on the quality of the forged component is evaluated via SPH simulations. This includes the determination of forging force required for adequate die filling which is an important criterion for die designs. Material hardening, controlled by the degree of heat treatment, is found to have a profound effect on the material deformation pattern and the final product. Forging defects such as incomplete die filling, asymmetry in forged components, flashing and lap formation are shown to be predicted by SPH. SPH can thus potentially be used both for assessment of the quality of forged products and evaluation of prototype forging system designs.
Subject Composite and Hybrid Materials
Keyword(s) Defect
Elastoplastic deformation
Metal forming
DOI - identifier 10.1016/j.apm.2011.11.019
Copyright notice © 2011 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
ISSN 0307-904X
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