Drying and denaturation kinetics of Beta-Lactoglobulin during convective drying

Haque, M, Oliver, M, Putranto, A and Adhikari, B 2018, 'Drying and denaturation kinetics of Beta-Lactoglobulin during convective drying', Journal of Food Engineering, vol. 237, pp. 9-17.


Document type: Journal Article
Collection: Journal Articles

Title Drying and denaturation kinetics of Beta-Lactoglobulin during convective drying
Author(s) Haque, M
Oliver, M
Putranto, A
Adhikari, B
Year 2018
Journal name Journal of Food Engineering
Volume number 237
Start page 9
End page 17
Total pages 9
Publisher Elsevier Ltd
Abstract Beta-Lactoglobulin (β-Lg) is the major fraction of whey protein that comprises more than 65%. Therefore, denaturation of β-Lg during drying can affect the protein functionality where the whey protein is used as an ingredient in food products. This study was carried out to understand the drying and denaturation kinetics of β-Lg during the drying process. A convective drying environment was used to predict the moisture content and temperature kinetics of the drying droplets of β-Lg using Reaction Engineering Approach (REA) models. The predicted values were then coupled with the first order reaction equation to determine the denaturation kinetics. Single droplets of β-Lg (10% w/v; 1.5 ± 0.1 mm initial diameter) were dried at two different temperatures (65 °C and 80 °C) at a constant air velocity (0.5 m/s) for 10 min. The real time denaturation of β-Lg protein was quantified at different drying stages using a reversed phase HPLC. These experimental data from single droplet drier, and HPLC were used to validate the model predictions. The REA model predictions fitted well with the experimental data for moisture-time (±5.70% error) and temperature-time (±3.50% error) profiles. Similarly, the first order kinetics model was also able to predict the denaturation kinetics of β-Lg protein with an average error of 6.00%. The conformation study by FTIR observed that the drying stress increased the secondary structural properties random coil and β-sheet which was compensated by uncoiling of α-helix and transformation of β-turn into β-sheet. The morphology study found that initially β-Lg droplet showed flexible nature but formed firm skin with increasing drying time.
Subject Chemical Engineering not elsewhere classified
Keyword(s) Beta-Lactoglobulin
Denaturation kinetics
Drying kinetics
Reaction engineering approach (REA)
Single droplet drying
DOI - identifier 10.1016/j.jfoodeng.2018.05.018
Copyright notice © 2018 Elsevier Ltd.
ISSN 0260-8774
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