Thermogravimetric analysis and carbon stability of chars produced from slow pyrolysis and hydrothermal carbonization of manure waste

Cardenas-Aguiar, E, Gasco, G, Paz-Ferreiro, J and Mendez, A 2019, 'Thermogravimetric analysis and carbon stability of chars produced from slow pyrolysis and hydrothermal carbonization of manure waste', Journal of Analytical and Applied Pyrolysis, vol. 140, pp. 434-443.


Document type: Journal Article
Collection: Journal Articles

Title Thermogravimetric analysis and carbon stability of chars produced from slow pyrolysis and hydrothermal carbonization of manure waste
Author(s) Cardenas-Aguiar, E
Gasco, G
Paz-Ferreiro, J
Mendez, A
Year 2019
Journal name Journal of Analytical and Applied Pyrolysis
Volume number 140
Start page 434
End page 443
Total pages 10
Publisher Elsevier BV
Abstract Large amounts of manure waste are produced worldwide. Land application of manure waste is the most common approach to valorization. This practice has several environmental concerns, including pathogen spreading, emissions of odorous chemicals (ammonia or methane) and the pollution of waterbodies with nitrogen and phosphorous compounds. The pyrolysis of manure for biochar production has been tested as a useful treatment to avoid these concerns but the high moisture of some wastes hinders its thermo-chemical valorisation in the absence of a pre-drying step. Recently, hydrothermal carbonization (HTC) of wet biomass has been identified as a cost-effective valorisation method of biomass without the need for energy-intensive drying processes. The objective of this study is to compare the properties of pyrochars and hydrochars prepared from thermal treatment of rabbit manure (MW). Pyrochars were prepared at 450 °C (BMW450) and 600 °C (BMW600) and hydrochars were obtained using a rabbit manure solution (solid:water ratio 30:70) that was heated at 190 °C (HMW190) and 240 °C (HMW240). The final temperature was maintained during 1 h for pyrochars and 6 h for hydrochars. Results showed that HTC generated more micro-, meso- and macro-porosity than pyrolysis. Pyrochar produced at 600 °C possessed a high thermal, chemical and biological stability, probably due to its highly aromatic structure. Hydrochars (HMW190 and HMW240) were predominantly aliphatic, and this was associated to a lower chemical and thermal stability than pyrochars. The germination index values indicated that the pyrochar BMW450 and the two hydrochars were highly phytotoxic while pyrochar MWB600 presented a moderate phytotoxicity, which was lower than the manure waste. Finally, CO 2 emissions of different materials after 60 days followed the order: MW > HMW190 > HMW240 > BMW450 > BMW600. Specifically, pyrolysis evolved CO 2 was reduced between 97.8-88.7% with respect to raw material after pyr
Subject Environmental Engineering not elsewhere classified
Keyword(s) Carbon stability
Char
Hydrothermal carbonization
Pyrolysis
Thermogravimetry
DOI - identifier 10.1016/j.jaap.2019.04.026
Copyright notice © 2019 Elsevier BV.
ISSN 0165-2370
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