Morphological and grafting modification of natural cellulose fibres

Ouajai, S, Hodzic, A and Shanks, R 2004, 'Morphological and grafting modification of natural cellulose fibres', Journal of Applied Polymer Science, vol. 94, pp. 2456-2465.

Document type: Journal Article
Collection: Journal Articles

Title Morphological and grafting modification of natural cellulose fibres
Author(s) Ouajai, S
Hodzic, A
Shanks, R
Year 2004
Journal name Journal of Applied Polymer Science
Volume number 94
Start page 2456
End page 2465
Total pages 9
Publisher John Wiley and Sons
Abstract Crystal structure and mechanical properties of cellulose fibers were studied to investigate the effect of chemical treatment on the fiber. Pretreatment by acetone extraction, mercerization with 3-20% wt/v sodium hydroxide (NaOH), and acrylonitrile (AN) grafting initiated by azo-bis-isobutylonitrile were performed. From Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy and wide-angle X-ray diffraction quantitative measurements, the pretreated fibers showed an induced slight decrease of crystallinity index. The structural transformation of the fibers from cellulose I to cellulose 11 was observed at high NaOH concentration of 10-20% wt/v. The amount of grafting, 1.56, 2.94, 6.04, 8.34, or 10.46%, was dependent upon the initiator concentration and the volume of monomer in the reactor. The AN grafted fibers had no transformation of crystalline structure as observed after mercerization. Only a variation of X-ray crystallinity index with grafting amount was observed. Moisture regain of pretreated and modified fibers depended on the structure of the fiber and the amount of grafting. The mechanical properties performed by a single fiber test method were strongly influenced by the cellulose structure, lateral index of crystallinity, and fraction of grafting. Scanning electron microscopy was used for analysis of surface morphologies of treated fibers.
Subject Chemical Characterisation of Materials
DOI - identifier 10.1002/app.21191
Copyright notice © 2004 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
ISSN 0021-8995
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