Persulfate oxidation-assisted membrane distillation process for micropollutant degradation and membrane fouling control

Asif, M, Fida, Z, Tufail, A, van der Merwe, J, Leusch, F, Pramanik, B, Price, W and Hai, F 2019, 'Persulfate oxidation-assisted membrane distillation process for micropollutant degradation and membrane fouling control', Separation and Purification Technology, vol. 222, pp. 321-331.


Document type: Journal Article
Collection: Journal Articles

Title Persulfate oxidation-assisted membrane distillation process for micropollutant degradation and membrane fouling control
Author(s) Asif, M
Fida, Z
Tufail, A
van der Merwe, J
Leusch, F
Pramanik, B
Price, W
Hai, F
Year 2019
Journal name Separation and Purification Technology
Volume number 222
Start page 321
End page 331
Total pages 11
Publisher Elsevier
Abstract In this study, long-term performance of a persulfate (PS)-assisted direct contact membrane distillation (DCMD) process was examined for the treatment of secondary treated effluent spiked with a mixture of micropollutants including three pesticides and nine pharmaceuticals. A stand-alone DCMD ('control') was also operated under identical operating conditions for comparison. Depending on the micropollutant, the stand-alone DCMD achieved 86 to >99% removal. In comparison, removal by the PS-assisted DCMD was >99% for all investigated micropollutants. This was attributed to the fact that sulfate radicals (SO 4-[rad] ) formed following the activation of PS at the DCMD operating temperature (i.e., 40 °C) achieved micropollutant-specific degradation, which reduced the accumulation of micropollutants in the feed. Chemical structures of the micropollutants governed their degradation by PS. Effective degradation (>90%) was achieved for micropollutants that contain strong electron-donating functional groups (EDGs) in their molecules (e.g., amitriptyline and trimethoprim). Micropollutants containing both strong electron-withdrawing functional groups (EWGs) and EDGs in their molecules were moderately degraded (60-80%). In addition to the micropollutants, activated PS significantly degraded total organic carbon (70%) and total nitrogen (40%) from the secondary treated wastewater. This helped to reduce the fouling layer on the membrane-surface in the PS-assisted DCMD system. PS-addition appears to slightly increase the toxicity of wastewater, but with effective retention of PS and degradation products, DCMD permeate (i.e., treated effluent) was not toxic. This is the first study demonstrating the performance of the persulfate oxidation process in a continuous-flow membrane system for micropollutant removal and membrane fouling control.
Subject Environmental Engineering not elsewhere classified
Water Quality Engineering
Civil Engineering not elsewhere classified
Keyword(s) Heat-activated persulfate
Mass transfer coefficient
Membrane distillation
Membrane fouling
Micropollutants
Sulphate radicals
Toxicity analysis
DOI - identifier 10.1016/j.seppur.2019.04.035
Copyright notice © 2019 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
ISSN 1383-5866
Versions
Version Filter Type
Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 0 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article
Scopus Citation Count Cited 0 times in Scopus Article
Altmetric details:
Access Statistics: 3 Abstract Views  -  Detailed Statistics
Created: Fri, 05 Jul 2019, 12:33:00 EST by Catalyst Administrator
© 2014 RMIT Research Repository • Powered by Fez SoftwareContact us