Latest development in microalgae‑biofuel production with nano‑additives

Hossain, N, Mahlia, T and Saidur, R 2019, 'Latest development in microalgae‑biofuel production with nano‑additives', Biotechnology for Biofuels, vol. 12, no. 125, pp. 1-16.


Document type: Journal Article
Collection: Journal Articles

Title Latest development in microalgae‑biofuel production with nano‑additives
Author(s) Hossain, N
Mahlia, T
Saidur, R
Year 2019
Journal name Biotechnology for Biofuels
Volume number 12
Issue number 125
Start page 1
End page 16
Total pages 16
Publisher BioMed Central
Abstract Background: Microalgae have been experimented as a potential feedstock for biofuel generation in current era owing to its rich energy content, inflated growth rate, inexpensive culture approaches, the notable capacity of CO2 fixation, and O2 addition to the environment. Currently, research is ongoing towards the advancement of microalgal-biofuel technologies. The nano-additive application has been appeared as a prominent innovation to meet this phenomenon. Main text: The main objective of this study was to delineate the synergistic impact of microalgal biofuel integrated with nano-additive applications. Numerous nano-additives such as nano-fibres, nano-particles, nano-tubes, nano-sheets, nano-droplets, and other nano-structures applications have been reviewed in this study to facilitate microalgae growth to biofuel utilization. The present paper was intended to comprehensively review the nano-particles preparing techniques for microalgae cultivation and harvesting, biofuel extraction, and application of microalgae-biofuel nano-particles blends. Prospects of solid nano-additives and nano-fluid applications in the future on microalgae production, microalgae biomass conversion to biofuels as well as enhancement of biofuel combustion for revolutionary advancement in biofuel technology have been demonstrated elaborately by this review. This study also highlighted the potential biofuels from microalgae, numerous technologies, and conversion processes. Along with that, the study recounted suitability of potential microalgae candidates with an integrated design generating value-added co-products besides biofuel production. Conclusion: Nano-additive applications at different stages from microalgae culture to end-product utilization presented strong possibility in mercantile approach as well as positive impact on the environment along with valuable co-products generation into the near future.
Subject Energy Generation, Conversion and Storage Engineering
Keyword(s) Microalgae
Microalgal biofuel
Nano-additives
Bioenergy
Biodiesel
DOI - identifier 10.1186/s13068-019-1465-0
Copyright notice © The Author(s) 2019
ISSN 1754-6834
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