Optimized Fabrication and Characterization of TiO2Nb2O5ZrO2 Nanotubes on β-Phase TiZr35Nb28 Alloy for Biomedical Applications via the Taguchi Method

Qadir, M, Li, Y, Biesiekierski, A and Wen, C 2019, 'Optimized Fabrication and Characterization of TiO2Nb2O5ZrO2 Nanotubes on β-Phase TiZr35Nb28 Alloy for Biomedical Applications via the Taguchi Method', ACS Biomaterials Science & Engineering, vol. 5, pp. 2750-2761.


Document type: Journal Article
Collection: Journal Articles

Title Optimized Fabrication and Characterization of TiO2Nb2O5ZrO2 Nanotubes on β-Phase TiZr35Nb28 Alloy for Biomedical Applications via the Taguchi Method
Author(s) Qadir, M
Li, Y
Biesiekierski, A
Wen, C
Year 2019
Journal name ACS Biomaterials Science & Engineering
Volume number 5
Start page 2750
End page 2761
Total pages 12
Publisher American Chemical Society
Abstract The nanostructured surface modification of metallic implants is increasingly gaining attention for biomedical applications. Among such nanostructured surfaces, oxide nanotube (NT) structures have received significant consideration in the biomedical and clinical fields, particularly because of their unique biological characteristics. This experimental study is based on the optimization and characterization of TiO2Nb2O5ZrO2 nanotubes (NTs) on newly developed β phase TiZr35Nb28 alloy. The effects of the anodization process parameters on the inner diameter (Di) of the NTs were investigated. The experiment was conducted using the Taguchi experimental design with an L9 (33) orthogonal array, with three control factors targeted for optimization: (i) applied voltage, (ii) water content of the electrolyte solution, and (iii) anodization time. The chemical composition, morphology, and hydrophilic properties of TiO2Nb2O5ZrO2 NTs after optimization were characterized by energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), and water contact angle measurement. The results showed that a large Di of NTs was achieved using an applied voltage of 40 V, water content of 5%, and anodization time of 120 min, with the applied voltage identified as the most effective parameter for the growth of TiO2Nb2O5ZrO2 NTs based on signal-to-noise (S/N) ratio analysis. The Pareto ANOVA and confirmation test results showed that the Taguchi method was successful in optimizing the larger Di for NTs; moreover, the optimized nanotubular surface exhibited the highest surface roughness and an increased hydrophilic nature. The above findings may contribute to the development of high-performance nanostructured coatings for biomedical applications.
Subject Biomaterials
Surface Processes
Metals and Alloy Materials
Keyword(s) titanium alloy TiO2−Nb2O5−ZrO2 nanotubes Taguchi method roughness surface wettability
DOI - identifier 10.1021/acsbiomaterials.9b00356
Copyright notice © 2019 American Chemical Society
ISSN 2373-9878
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