Primary care physicians and infant mortality: Evidence from Brazil

Russo, L, Scott, A, Sivey, P and Dias, J 2019, 'Primary care physicians and infant mortality: Evidence from Brazil', Plos One, vol. 14, no. 5, pp. 1-16.


Document type: Journal Article
Collection: Journal Articles

Title Primary care physicians and infant mortality: Evidence from Brazil
Author(s) Russo, L
Scott, A
Sivey, P
Dias, J
Year 2019
Journal name Plos One
Volume number 14
Issue number 5
Start page 1
End page 16
Total pages 16
Publisher Public Library of Science
Abstract Primary health care has been recognized as a critical strategy for improving population health in developing countries. This paper investigates the effect of primary care physicians on the infant mortality rate in Brazil using a dynamic panel data approach. This method accounts for the endogeneity problem and the persistence of infant mortality over time. The empirical analysis uses an eight-year panel of municipalities between 2005 and 2012. The results indicate that primary care physician supply contributed to the decline of infant mortality in Brazil. An increase of one primary care physician per 10,000 population was associated with 7.08 fewer infant deaths per 10,000 live births. This suggests that, in addition to other determinants, primary care physicians can play an important role in accounting for the reduction of infant mortality rates.
Subject Health Economics
DOI - identifier 10.1371/journal.pone.0217614
Copyright notice Copyright: © 2019 Russo et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License.
ISSN 1932-6203
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