A comparative study of biological activated carbon based treatments on two different types of municipal reverse osmosis concentrates

Pradhan, S, Fan, L, Roddick, F, Shahsavari, E, Ball, A and Zhang, X 2019, 'A comparative study of biological activated carbon based treatments on two different types of municipal reverse osmosis concentrates', Chemosphere, vol. 240, pp. 1-10.


Document type: Journal Article
Collection: Journal Articles

Title A comparative study of biological activated carbon based treatments on two different types of municipal reverse osmosis concentrates
Author(s) Pradhan, S
Fan, L
Roddick, F
Shahsavari, E
Ball, A
Zhang, X
Year 2019
Journal name Chemosphere
Volume number 240
Start page 1
End page 10
Total pages 10
Publisher Elsevier Ltd
Abstract A study was conducted to understand the impact of reverse osmosis concentrate (ROC) characteristics on the efficacy of biological activated carbon (BAC) based treatments for removing organics and nutrients from two ROC streams (ROCa derived from municipal waste input with high salinity, and ROCb derived from domestic waste plus industrial trade waste with markedly lower salinity). Fluorescence excitation and emission matrix spectra and molecular weight analysis demonstrated that ROCa and ROCb had a significantly different composition of organic compounds due to the petrochemical processing and abattoir waste compounds in ROCb. Although the sequence of coagulation, UV/H2O2 and BAC gave the highest organic removal from the two ROCs (67% DOC for ROCa and 62% for ROCb), UV/H2O2 followed by BAC achieved satisfactory removal (>55%) for both ROC types. Sequential treatment involving coagulation gave better phosphorus removal (>90%) than any single treatment (<65%). Total nitrogen (TN) removal was fairly low (<50%) for all the treatment options and the salinity level had insignificant impact on nitrogen removal. Analysis of bacterial communities suggested that higher phosphorus removal and lower total nitrogen and nitrate removal from ROCb than ROCa was related to the presence of various denitrifying or phosphorus accumulating bacteria in the BAC.
Subject Environmental Technologies
Wastewater Treatment Processes
Keyword(s) Reverse osmosis concentrate
Biological activated carbon
UV/H2O2
Organic removal
Nutrient removal
DOI - identifier 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2019.124925
Copyright notice © 2019 Elsevier
ISSN 0045-6535
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