Childhood maltreatment and adult personality disorder symptoms in a non-clinical sample

Carr, S and Francis, A 2009, 'Childhood maltreatment and adult personality disorder symptoms in a non-clinical sample', Australian Psychologist, vol. 44, no. 3, pp. 146-155.


Document type: Journal Article
Collection: Journal Articles

Title Childhood maltreatment and adult personality disorder symptoms in a non-clinical sample
Author(s) Carr, S
Francis, A
Year 2009
Journal name Australian Psychologist
Volume number 44
Issue number 3
Start page 146
End page 155
Total pages 10
Publisher Taylor-Francis
Abstract It can be argued that the well-substantiated relationship between childhood maltreatment and adult personality disorder (PD) symptoms may be confounded by comorbid symptoms of depression, anxiety or dysfunctional childhood family environments. Therefore, the current study was designed to test the hypothesis that retrospective reports of childhood maltreatment would still be significantly related to reports of more PD symptoms when statistically controlling for these factors. One hundred and seventy-eight non-clinical participants were divided into groups reporting childhood maltreatment (n = 54) or not (n = 124) according to scores on the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire. Participants also completed questionnaires measuring current depression, anxiety, and PD symptoms as well as retrospective reports of their childhood environment. Results showed that individuals reporting childhood maltreatment reported more symptoms of PD than those not reporting childhood maltreatment, even when statistically controlling for depression, anxiety and retrospective reports of dysfunctional family environment. These findings underscore the relevance and independent contribution of childhood maltreatment to the development of PDs, with important implications for further research and clinical practice.
Subject Health, Clinical and Counselling Psychology
Keyword(s) borderline personality
cognitive
behavioural
DOI - identifier 10.1080/00050060903136847
ISSN 00050067
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