Control of structures using SMA wires and piezoelectric patches

Hariri, M 2009, Control of structures using SMA wires and piezoelectric patches, Doctor of Philosophy (PhD), Aerospace, Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering, RMIT University.

Document type: Thesis
Collection: Theses

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Title Control of structures using SMA wires and piezoelectric patches
Author(s) Hariri, M
Year 2009
Abstract Smart materials and structures systems are increasingly being developed to handle more complex problems. One of the main research schemes is the augmentation of the control authority of the smart actuators used in such systems. The augmentation can be obtained by constructing hybrid and multi- smart materials actuator systems and/or by the optimization of the location and orientation of those actuators. In the first part of this study, the alteration of the natural frequency of composite structures using Nitinol-based Shape Memory Alloy (SMA) wires will be presented using the analyses of strain energy perturbations on a plate. These governing strain equations were solved analytically and numerically to show the effect of point forces acting in a distributive manner and the subsequent effect it has on the plate's stiffness and hence it's natural frequency. In the second part of the thesis, a more complex loading condition is considered to investigate piezoceramic actuator control authority in relation to wing flutter control.

The advancement in the application of active material induced-strain actuation such as piezoelectric materials in suppression of structural vibrations drew wide interest in its use for wing flutter control. Higher flutter speed and hence wider operating envelope was achieved by delaying the coalescence of the eigenvalues for plunge and twist modes. . This delay is obtained by adding more strain energy to the system as a result of the activation of the piezoelectric actuators. Most of the studies done were by controlling the plunge/bending motion, where the piezoelectric actuators are bonded longitudinally to produce bending moments. In this study, the control of the pitch/twisting motion was investigated and it showed better control of flutter by using simultaneous multi-actuations compared to single piezo actuations. It was shown that within the scope of the angular orientations of the piezoelectric patches investigated in this study, piezoelectric patches oriented about +150 from the beam's longitudinal ax is resulted in the most optimal piezo-configuration. This was corroborated by both the numerical flutter speed and actuator moment evaluations. In addition, the orientation of the piezoelectric patches was shown to significantly affect the pitch angle of the beam relative to each other. The damping ratio was also investigated and this showed greater instability for piezoelectric patches oriented at negative angles, thus further supporting the finding of the aforementioned optimal orientation of +150. These findings confirmed the dominance of the base (closest to the fixed portion of the beam) piezo when actuated with other piezos.
Degree Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)
Institution RMIT University
School, Department or Centre Aerospace, Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering
Keyword(s) Vibration
Dynamic Response
Shape Memory Alloy
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